Various language planners are motivated by linguistic assimilation, linguistic pluralism, vernacularization, and internationalization philosophies. Language planning and policy (LPP) research falls into the field of sociolinguistics which is a branch of applied linguistics. McCarty’s theoretical framework provides a resource for understanding how language policy shapes and is shaped by Indigenous communities. Language planning can be accomplished through status, corpus, or acquisition planning. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Language planning decisions may be required, for example, where a number of linguistic groups compete for access to the mechanisms of day-to-day life, or where a particular linguistic minority … A full section of this paper is devoted to the economic approach to language policy, and another focuses on an application to education policy, detailing the economics of second or foreign language education. Language planning involves deliberate future oriented change in systems of language code and or speaking in a societal context (Kaplan 1997). In schools, the result was an imposition of English language and Anglo culture on minorities, which goes back to the deculturation of American Indians through the system of English-only boarding schools. The field of language planning and policy (LPP) is concerned with the policies both explicit and implicit that influence what languages are spoken when, how, and by whom, as well as the values and rights associated with those languages. What is language planning? Language planning is defined as. Language policy consists of the authoritative allocation of resources to language and pertains either to the status or the corpus of the language for which policy is designed. Language policy and planning decisions arise in response to sociopolitical needs. Sociolinguistics is the basic grounding needed for scholars to engage in LPP studies. “Language has been typically politicized and used as a political tool in the modern period for the first time in the history. Foreign / second - language instruction can be motiva t ed by humanistic rationales, responses to th e Traditionally, the discourse on language policy in the U.S.has been framed as an either-or choice between English and other languages. Acquisition planning typi cally describes language teaching policies (Cooper,1989). Language planning is a body of ideas, laws and regulations (language policy), change rules, beliefs, and practices intended to achieve a planned change in the language use in one or more communities. Language Planning and Policy 1. History of language Planning and Policy • Language planning and policy was revitalized again mostly after the newly independent states, in the post-colonial era, needed to reconstruct their identity (including language) in a context of multi- … Language Planning and Policy will serve as a valuable resource for scholars interested in establishing research agendas in language policy and planning, education policy, or work with Indigenous communities. The terminology that is vital or the background knowledge that is required for LPP studies can only be derived from sociolinguistics. Language planning is any attempt to change a language. Language policies have arisen through nationalism period which has built ‘‘nation’’ within a common identity. Speaking in a societal context ( Kaplan 1997 ) ‘ nation ’ ’ within a common identity planning! “ language has been typically politicized and used as what is language planning and policy political tool in the history be accomplished status! 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