For three members of the crew, the occasion was a doubly poignant one. This website uses cookies to improve functionality. The HANSEATIC (ex EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND) resplendent, in the colours of the Hamburg-Atlantic Line. In This ship was the second of two CP vessels to be named Empress of Japan – regularly traversed the trans-Pacific route between the west coast of Canada and the Far East until 1942. Left to Right: Mr Jan Bezant, First Officer; Staff Commander N.W. We discharged cargo, had more boat drills, and then loaded grain, sawn timber, apples, bulk tallow, mail and gold and silver bullion for Liverpool. The EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND alongside Princes Landing Stage. On trials over the Arran Mile, after the completion of the refit, she reached a very creditable 22.5 knots. The outbreak of war in Europe caused the Empress of Japan to be re-fitted for wartime service. Along with the EMPRESS OF CANADA of 1922, the new EMPRESS OF JAPAN had sufficient speed to include a call en route at Honolulu, lengthening the passage by a considerable amount and bringing the new ship into direct competition with the American and Japanese liners on the Pacific. In 1942, the first of over 1.5 million American servicemen arrived on British shores in preparation for the Allied offensives against Germany during the Second World War. Here she was renamed HANSEATIC and reconstructed and 'modernised' during a six-month overhaul which cost 43 million Deutschmarks. The troopship "Empress of Scotland" was scheduled to sail at 8 a.m. on 10th December for the Far East with Army and R.A.F. Normally, there would have been a balancing pair of sister ships, but the world depression was affecting policy, and with the advent of its new trans-Atlantic flagship, the EMPRESS OF BRITAIN of 1931, Canadian Pacific Steamships had enough on its plate. Of all the passenger liners that have ever operated across the North Pacific, the EMPRESS OF JAPAN of 1930, the second vessel to carry this name in the Canadian Pacific fleet, was undoubtedly the finest, largest and fastest. Note the funnel. We stopped at Quebec to disembark some passengers and then proceeded to Montreal where the remainder left. The Empress of Scotland was originally the Empress of Japan built for Canadian Pacific's Vancouver-Yokohama service. Photograph of the Canadian Pacific Line ocean liner the RMS Empress of Britain on stocks showing the forward poppets taken from the shipyard floor of John Brown & Co. at Clydebank Upper Clyde Shipbuilders Collection, Crown copyright, National Records of Scotland, UCS1/116/37/146. This ship -- the second of two CP vessels to be named Empress of Japan [1]-- regularly traversed the trans-Pacific route between the west coast of Canada and the Far East until 1942. When sailing day arrived it was no watch below and no rest as the second mate and myself had amended the crew boat and fire station lists during the previous night, and then the M.O.T. I joined the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND at Liverpool in June 1956, put on my boiler suit, and as junior cargo officer on six-hour port watches, did exactly the same as when I was a cadet. The experience paid dividends, for some years later I wanted a summer fill-in job prior to attending nautical school, and was fortunate enough to be appointed as relief fourth officer on both of the new sister ships EMPRESS OF BRITAIN and EMPRESS OF ENGLAND. EMPRESS OF JAPAN: Added: Nov 03, 2013: Captured: IMO: 5142322: Hits: 1,966: Photo Category: Cruise Ships and Liners built before 1950: Description: EMPRESS of JAPAN Name: 1930—1942: RMS Empress of Japan 1942—1957: RMS Empress of Scotland 1957—1966: SS Hanseatic Owner: 1930—1957: Canadian Pacific Line 1957—1966: Hamburg Atlantic Line This was not a problem for me as for part of my cadetship I had been bridge cadet for arrivals and departures. The EMPRESS OF CANADA had been torpedoed and sunk in the South Atlantic when homeward bound from Durban, and the EMPRESS OF BRITAIN, completed in 1931, was set on fire by air attack in October 1940, and subsequently torpedoed whilst under tow. 1940 off Western Ireland, Empress The propelling machinery remained the same but was given a complete overhaul and new propellers were fitted. During 1943/1944 she was on trooping service from Halifax, N.S., New York and Newport News to Liverpool and to Casablanca, carrying a total of 30,000 American troops. Before each bridge watch I mustered my deck watch at the emergency boat (No.1 or No.2). was personally involved in authorising this exception, recognising the nonsense Empress of Scotland ist zwischenzeitlicher Name für die Schiffe. The channel to Montreal had by this time been deepened and the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND became the largest vessel ever to dock in Montreal. uptakes, fitted to reduce the smoke nuisance. The hull was painted black. Photographers and officials on two fishing trawlers which accompanied the MANECO were soaked to the skin! Duck. The EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND bettered these passage times later in the summer of 1950 by using the Belle Isle Strait (between the northern tip pf Newfoundland and the south of Labrador), rather than sailing south-about Newfoundland via Cape Race. The passenger accommodation was rebuilt to carry 85 first-class and 1,165 tourist-class passengers. The Senior Officers on the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND for the 'Royal Voyage'. In November 1951, Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh returned from their Canadian tour on the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND. The destroyers HMS ZAMBESI and HMS CREOLE met the, In April 1956 the new EMPRESS OF BRITAIN entered service, followed a year later by the EMPRESS OF ENGLAND. The HANSEATIC's passengers were transferred to the QUEEN MARY, whose sailing time was delayed by some four hours while they were transferred. For my part, I had learned a lot with regard to shipboard organisation, the routine of ocean navigation on fast ships, the use of Loran, ice and weather reports, plotting of such information on special charts, and practical ship stability. East. Such, then, was the sad end of the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND. RMS Empress of Scotland (1942–1958); SS Hanseatic (1958–1966) Pacific, 1930–1942; war service, 1942–1947; Atlantic, 1948–1958 1966 1931 RMS Empress of Britain: 1930 1931 . On November 9, She has been a grand ship to sail on.". In 1931 she reduced this time to 7 days, 8 hours and 27 minutes. The EMPRESS OF JAPAN was built at the Fairfield Yard at Govan at a cost of about £1.5 million. During 1943 of all voyages from December 1939 to November 1946, please click the following Mr Lambard was the first dispenser ever to be appointed by Canadian Pacific, and after completing thirty-seven years he commented: "There is no life like one at sea. Following a dry-docking and survey, she was accepted by her new owners and was handed over to them at Belfast on 17th January 1958. Common items of ephemera in our maritime collection include passenger lists, brochures, event and entertainment programs, and other memorabilia produced for a voyage or ship. She had been in Shanghai when war was declared and after a crossing to Honolulu and Vancouver, she sailed for Esquimalt where a certain amount of work was carried out to fit her for trooping. Her hull and superstructure were painted grey and she then left for Sydney, arriving on 22nd December. The following list was extracted from various sources. 1942—1958: Empress of Scotland Following the end of World War II, the Empress of Scotland was needed to meet the newly developing demands for trans-Atlantic passenger service. Empress of Scotland. RMS Empress of Asia was an ocean liner built in 1912-1913 by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering at Govan on the Clyde in Scotland for Canadian Pacific Steamships.. As well as being a passenger liner in peacetime, Empress of Asia served as an armed merchant cruiser and a troopship in wartime. about Japanese intentions, she was instructed not to return to Yokohama, but In 1941 the EMPRESS OF JAPAN completed trooping voyages from Glasgow to the Cape and Singapore, returning to the UK via Panama: 35,000 miles in 141 days. of Japan suffered a German air attack. For about forty miles out from Conception Bay, the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND was escorted by HMCS ONTARIO and the destroyer MICMAC, and it was planned that they would 'man ship' to give the traditional naval farewell, but in the prevailing heavy seas this was abandoned as being too dangerous. trans-Atlantic colours, and before her masts were shortened. In 1942, she was renamed RMS Empress of Scotland -- the second of two CP vessels to be named Empress of Scotland. UCS was liquidated in 1971. RMS Empress of Scotland, originally SS Kaiserin Auguste Victoria, was an ocean liner built in 1905–1906 by Vulcan AG shipyard in Stettin (now Szczecin, Poland) for the Hamburg America Line. Captain C.E. Two bombs hit the ship but were deflected off the stern rail Gangway duty was tourist class for the fifth officer and first class for the fourth officer. Six Yarrow oil-fired water tube boilers supplied steam at 425 lb/psi and 725 degrees superheat. She was launched on 11 June 1930 and completed on 5 April 1931. Remembering what a third mate had told me about his experience of being seconded to Canadian Pacific Steamships as an uncertificated fifth officer, I decided to follow suit. The EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND passing under the Quebec Bridge, The centre span of the Quebec Bridge being hoisted into position. By 1965 competition from the airlines meant that the New York voyages were reduced to eight and the HANSEATIC spent most of her time cruising. The EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND being assisted on to her berth at Princes. Landing Stage by the Alexandra tugs EGERTON (forward) and ALFRED (aft). On her return passage she averaged 21 knots on 26,100shp. Both men were later Partial List Unspecified Port (generally this ship sailed from Southampton, England, Cherbourg, France and Liverpool, England) to Quebec, Canada 4 May 1929 Canadian Pacific Line There is no Captain's statement. luxury liners :- Cunard's Queen Mary, Aquitania, and Mauretania; Canadian 1958—1966: Hanseatic At the end of my four-year cadetship with the Clan Line in 1956, I wanted to attend Liverpool Technical College to obtain my first certificate, However, my timing was wrong - the College was due to close for the summer holidays. years of war duty she had carried over 250,000 people and 30,000 tons of cargo. of an allied ship carrying the name of an enemy state. Despite intensive U-boat activity heroically manned the wheelhouse, steering the ship to take evasive action. Cruising in the winter months became a regular part of the schedule and in December 1950 the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND made her first cruise from New York to the West Indies, resuming Canadian Pacific's pre-war crusing programme. Then we were on our way, calling at Greenock where we disembarked the Liverpool Pilot, embarked more passengers, lowered all lifeboats into the water and took some of them for a run around the anchored ship. 1942—1958: Empress of Scotland. Passenger ships stuck to the Atlantic routing / separation lanes of longstanding to avoid head-on situations with each other, as at 22 knots the closing speed was quite intimidating. Cartier Bridge on departure from Montreal. In April 1956 the new EMPRESS OF BRITAIN entered service, followed a year later by the EMPRESS OF ENGLAND. She served out the war as a troopship and resumed to civilian life in 1948, ferrying passengers until she was sold off in 1956. At this time changes of ships' names were prohibited, but Winston Churchill said that in the case of the EMPRESS OF JAPAN "It is a nonsense", and so on 16th October 1942 she became the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND, the second of that name in the Canadian Pacific fleet, the first having been the ex- KAISERIN AUGUSTE VICTORIA in 1921. in preparation for the invasion of Europe. Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of Edinburgh occupied the main suite on 'A'  deck which had been partitioned off under constant guard by selected stewards to ensure privacy. ten months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, Empress of Japan was Piper and passengers aboard the RMS Empress of Scotland as the ship approaches a UK port. My days and nights were busy. It was delivered in 1930 but became a troop transport during WW2 (with a name change to Empress of Scotland in 1942). The EMPRESS OF AUSTRALIA remained a troopship until sold to breakers in 1952 and was never returned to Canadian Pacific. To download a listing Listing Includes Date Voyage Began, … She was the only Empress to make the Scottish call until the advent of the new ships in the mid 1950s. And so it was. In April 1952 the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND's masts were shortened by 44 feet to allow her proceed up the St Lawrence to Montreal, necessitating passing under both the Quebec Bridge (about five miles upstream from Quebec City), and the Jacques Cartier Bridge at Montreal. Empress It is believed that Winston Churchill During nine In 1942, she was renamed RMS Empress of Scotland - the second of two CP vessels to be named Empress of Scotland. On my two voyages on the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND the weather was fine, a little ice, but quite a lot of cargo ship traffic. and 1944, Empress of Scotland operated a shuttle of twelve transatlantic round passenger service on the North Atlantic in May 1950. officer and had plenty to keep him busy as well as the boat drills. She arrived back in Liverpool for the last time in a chill wintry mist on 26th November 1957 under the command of Captain S.W. Two days later she arrived at the Howaldtswerke Company's yard at Hamburg. This ship was the second of two CP vessels to be named Empress of Japan - regularly traversed the trans-Pacific route between the west coast of Canada and the Far East until 1942. Liverpool, ready to sail on yet another voyage to Canada. (Microsoft Excel file). It was a tradition for a Scottish piper to play a lament, A busy scene at the Tail of the Bank off Greenock, with the, EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND making her call en route from. All Digitized Passenger Lists For the SS Empress of Scotland Available at the GG Archives. In 1942, she was renamed RMS Empress of Scotland - the second of two CP vessels to be named Empress of Scotland. In 1942, under heavy air attack, the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND took 1,700 women and children away from Singapore to Colombo. Her fuel consumption was 168 tons per day. - Australasia, the Far East, South Africa, and North America. In October 1930 she averaged 21.02 knots from Yokohama to Race Rocks, Vancouver, completing the passage in 8 days, 6 hours and 27 minutes, beating the EMPRESS OF CANADA's previous record by four and a half hours. The Empress had left Quebec at 4.13pm on 9th November and arrived off Portugal Cove in Conception Bay, Newfoundland, at 7.30am on 12th November. was formed. October 1940, the Empress was part of a so-called 'multi-million Dollar convoy', She was renamed Empress of Scotland in October 1942 following the entry of Japan into WW2 (albeit after a gap of eleven months!). carrying duties by conveying Australian and New Zealand troops to the Middle The destroyers HMS ZAMBESI and HMS CREOLE met the Empress off the Ulster coast to escort her into the Mersey, but they too were forced to break station because of bad weather in the confined shipping lanes of the Irish Sea. Not only had the generators been ruined, but the engine room had suffered considerably from the intense heat and the water, while smoke and water had caused damage to much of the passenger accommodation. The EMPRESS OF JAPAN lost little time in capturing the speed record for the trans-Pacific passage in both directions. This ensured that junior officers knew every nook and cranny on board. After a foiled attempt to sink the empress she is torpedoed and sinks :sorry for the bad graphics and quality it’s my first stop motion video and the lifeboats into the sea, causing only some non-critical damage to machinery. For cargo she had space for 212,000 cubic feet of general; 33,000 cubic feet for insulated, and 59,000 cubic feet in her silk rooms. The Hamburg-Atlantic Line was a final atempt to operate a trans-Atlantic passenger service from Hamburg after HAPAG had given up passenger carrying. RMS Empress of Britain (1930) RMS Empress of Britain was an Ocean liner built for Canadian Pacific Steamships by John Brown and Company Ltd, Clydebank (Yard number 530). Empress was finally discharged from trooping duties in May 1948. The MANECO was alongside the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND at 1.10pm, and after the royal couple had boarded and their entire baggage had been transferred, the Empress sailed at 1.46pm. Canadian Pacfic's trans-Pacific service in the 1930s. Keay, and after disembarking her 213 passengers at Princes Landing Stage, she was laid up in the Gladstone Dock. On arriving and sailing, my station was on the bridge with the Captain, Staff Captain and Second Officer, who was my senior on the 12 to 4 watch at sea. The third funnel was removed and replaced by two shorter and more 'modern' ones. On 26th November 1939 the EMPRESS OF JAPAN was requisitioned as a troopship. The watchkeeping officers dined  in an alcove in the first-class dining saloon. trips, bringing troops across from New York and other North American ports She served on the Southampton to … For a brief time Cunard sailed the re-flagged ship between Liverpool and New York.The ship was refitted for Canadian Pacific Steamships and in 1921, she was renamed Empress of Scotland—the first of two CP ships to bear that name. The HANSEATIC arriving at New York on her maiden. The HANSEATIC was towed to Todd's shipyard at Brooklyn for survey, and as a result Hamburg-Atlantic decided to have her towed back to the Howaldtswerke yard at Hamburg for possible repair. The location was close to where Empress That’s how I got to go on the Empress of Japan [in 1942, she was re-named RMS Empress of Scotland]. As a safety measure, at the start of each watch, a notebook with the vessel's dead-reckoning positions for the next four hours, complete with local and GMT, was handed to the duty radio officer. In 1942, she was renamed RMS Empress of Scotland- the second of two CP vessels to be named Empress of Scotland. She had covered over 600,000 miles -- believed to be the most of any merchant During the air raid, Captain J W Thomas and Ho Kan, the Chinese quartermaster, The captain and staff captain always appeared to be busy with other heads of departments, and the four radio officers laboured away with high speed Morse messages for the ship's daily newspaper, ice reports, and six-hourly weather reports to shore stations. 6 steam turbines, single-reduction gearing to twin screws.Speed: 21 knots, max 23. In October 1942, ten months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour, Empress of Japan was renamed Empress of Scotland (II). A decision was made to start with a second-hand vessel and shortly afterwards the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND appeared on the market for sale. RMS Empress of Scotland, originally SS Kaiserin Auguste Victoria, was an ocean liner built between 1905-1906 and 1905-1906 by the Vulcan AG yard in Szczecin for Hamburg America Line. much luckier. In 1942, she was renamed the Empress of Scotland. link :- Wartime Voyages The EMPRESS OF JAPAN in the fitting-out basin at the Fairfield Yard. The promenade deck was plated in … On 9th November 1944 the EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND was subject to an air attack off Northern Ireland; three bombs being such near misses that they actually glanced off the ship's rails and a lifeboat, exploding in the sea. However, being on the 12 to 4, I had 'brunch' brought to my cabin at 10.am, skipped lunch and had dinner at 6.30pm. This ship was the second of two CP vessels to be named Empress of Japan - regularly traversed the trans-Pacific route between the west coast of Canada and the Far East until 1942. The EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND was sold first, and the EMPRESS OF FRANCE went to the breakers in 1960. The ship had Life was well ordered. The passengers boarded and we sailed for Quebec and Liverpool. In October 1942, The EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND was the only Canadian Pacific liner to, include the Greenock call in her schedule until the new ships entered service, in the mid 1950s. It took 200 firemen to bring the blaze under control, by which time great damage had been done. At the Tail of the Bank, Greenock                             Passing Quebec, outward bound, In mid-Atlantic                                                           Liverpool's only three-funnelled liner. _______________________________________________________________. SS EMPRESS OF SCOTLAND as a troopship Underway. No space was now needed for Asiatic steerage passengers and this enabled very great improvements to be made to the crew accommodation. renamed Empress of Scotland (II). On 14th June 1930 the EMPRESS OF JAPAN left Liverpool on her maiden voyage to Quebec, returning to Southampton. 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