If there is no human dimension, if Africans do not help, the problem cannot be overcome by the distribution of prophylactics: on the contrary, they increase it. Pope Benedict chose to remove the title at a time when discussions with the Orthodox churches have centered on the issue of papal primacy. Bishop emeritus of Rome. [49], While bishops hold the secrecy pertained only internally, and did not preclude investigation by civil law enforcement, the letter was often seen as promoting a coverup. [107], The Pope considered that allowing the Tridentine Mass to those who request it was a means to prevent or heal schism, stating that, on occasions in history, "not enough was done by the Church's leaders to maintain or regain reconciliation and unity" and that this "imposes an obligation on us today: to make every effort to enable for all those who truly desire unity to remain in that unity or to attain it anew. He is the oldest person to have been elected pope since Pope Clement XII (1730–40). XVI, born Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger is the 265th Pope and Bishop of Rome, the Sovereign of the Vatican City State and the leader of the Catholic Church, which includes the Latin Church and the 22 Eastern Catholic Churches. Continuing what he said in the pre-conclave Mass about what he often referred to as the "central problem of our faith today",[89] on 6 June 2005 Pope Benedict also said: Today, a particularly insidious obstacle to the task of education is the massive presence in our society and culture of that relativism which, recognising nothing as definitive, leaves as the ultimate criterion only the self with its desires. "[111] The document has been seen as restating "key sections of a 2000 text the pope wrote when he was prefect of the congregation, Dominus Iesus. [219], The pope emeritus was honoured by the Roman Curia and Pope Francis in 2016 at a special audience, honouring the 65th anniversary of his ordination to the priesthood. [237] The alleged Vatican investigation of whether there are any cases when married persons may use condoms to protect against the spread of infections surprised many Catholics in the wake of John Paul II's consistent refusal to consider condom use in response to AIDS. In June 2020, Benedict visited his dying brother Georg in Germany for the last time. [26], Ratzinger's family, especially his father, bitterly resented the Nazis, and his father's opposition to Nazism resulted in demotions and harassment of the family. For this I am deeply grateful to him, and as his brother in Christ I have taken up his fine work and added a few contributions of my own. Just a year after its foundation in 1990 Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger joined Dear married couples, in living out your marriage you are not giving each other any particular thing or activity, but your whole lives. [117][118][119][120][121] Among those whose excommunications were lifted was Bishop Richard Williamson, an outspoken historical revisionist sometimes interpreted as a Holocaust denier. [106] While Summorum Pontificum directs that pastors should provide the Tridentine Mass upon the requests of the faithful, it also allows for any qualified priest to offer private celebrations of the Tridentine Mass, to which the faithful may be admitted if they wish. From that point forward, he and his staff seemed driven by a convert's zeal to clean up the mess". As he wrote in one of his many fine sermons, “a habit of prayer, the practice of turning to God and the unseen world in every season, in every place, in every emergency – prayer, I say, has what may be called a natural effect in spiritualizing and elevating the soul. Provided it does not degenerate into the promotion of special interests, this can help to stimulate forms of welfare solidarity from below, with obvious benefits in the area of solidarity for development as well. In the consistory of the following 27 June, he was named Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria Consolatrice al Tiburtino by Pope Paul VI. [107] As there were fears that the move would entail a reversal of the Second Vatican Council,[109] Benedict emphasised that the Tridentine Mass would not detract from the council, and that the Mass of Paul VI would still be the norm and priests were not permitted to refuse to say the Mass in that form. Biographer Andrea Tornielli suggested that Cardinal Ratzinger had wanted to take action against Maciel Degollado, but that John Paul II and other high-ranking officials, including several cardinals and notably the Pope's influential secretary Stanisław Dziwisz, prevented him from doing so. During his inaugural Mass, the previous custom of every cardinal submitting to the Pope was replaced by having twelve people, including cardinals, clergy, religious, a married couple and their child, and newly confirmed people, greet him. The silver miter was something Pope Benedict XVI established in 2005, putting an end to the three-tiered tiara that, for centuries, had appeared at the top of each pope’s coat of arms. During this time, he distanced himself from the atmosphere of Tübingen and the Marxist leanings of the student movement of the 1960s that quickly radicalised, in the years 1967 and 1968, culminating in a series of disturbances and riots in April and May 1968. The intellectual affinity between these two thinkers, who would later become decisive figures for the twentieth-century Church, was preoccupied with rediscovering the essential in Christianity: Guardini wrote his 1938 "The Essence of Christianity," while Ratzinger penned "Introduction to Christianity," three decades later in 1968. [16] He strengthened the relationship between the Catholic Church and art, promoted the use of Latin,[17] and reintroduced traditional papal vestments, for which reason he was called "the pope of aesthetics". A SHORT DAILY PRAYER TO MARY, MOTHER OF PERPETUAL HELP, MOTHER OF PERPETUAL HELP ICON: HOW TO INTERPRET. His sister, Maria Ratzinger, who never married, managed Cardinal Ratzinger's household until her death in 1991. Pope Benedict was interpreting Vatican Council II with the Marchetti Inference and this made the Council a break with the dogma extra ecclesiam nulla salus and the Syllabus of Errors of Pope Pius IX. "[95], Pope Benedict wrote three encyclicals: Deus caritas est (Latin for "God is Love"), Spe Salvi ("Saved by Hope"), and Caritas in veritate ("Love in Truth"). The former pope also said that he had spoken on the telephone with Meisner the day before the latter died and related that Meisner was grateful to be on vacation after having been present for the beatification of Teofilius Matulionis in Vilnius. Dear married couples, watch over your children and, in a world dominated by technology, transmit to them, with serenity and trust, reasons for living, the strength of faith, pointing them towards high goals and supporting them in their fragility. Pope Benedict XVI was born on April 16, 1927 and is 93 years old now. The statement from the Vatican announcing the Pope's coat of arms and motto explained that the phrase had a special meaning for Francis as he felt it recalled his own vocation, when at the age of 17, he went to confession on St Matthew's day in 1953. Open wide the doors for Christ! Pope Benedict XVI has written 66 books, three encyclicals, and three apostolic exhortations. standing for "Papa" ("Pope"). Benedict chose to be known by the title "pope emeritus" upon his resignation.[10][11]. He said "Absolutizing what is not absolute but relative is called totalitarianism."[93]. [72][73], On 17 October 2010, Pope Benedict canonized André Bessette, a French-Canadian; Stanislaw Soltys, a 15th-century Polish priest; Italian nuns Giulia Salzano and Camilla Battista da Varano; Spanish nun Candida Maria de Jesus Cipitria y Barriola and the first Australian saint, Mother Mary MacKillop. POPE BENEDICT XVI ON THE ASCENSION OF THE LORD. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 22:09. -Benedict XVI, June 11, 2006, SEE AS WELL:SOLEMNITY OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY MASS PRAYERS AND READINGS in https://www.catholicsstrivingforholiness.org/solemnity-of-the-most-holy-trinity-year-a-mass-prayers-and-readings/, SOLEMNITY OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY REFLECTION 2 https://www.catholicsstrivingforholiness.org/happy-solemnity-of-the-most-blessed-trinity-oh-most-holy-trinity-god-immortal-be-adored/, ADORATION, MAN’S PRINCIPAL MISSION https://www.catholicsstrivingforholiness.org/solemnity-of-the-most-blessed-trinity-adoration-mans-principal-mission-in-life/, SOLEMNITY OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY AV SUMMARY AND FULL TEXT: GLORY BE TO THE FATHER, TO THE SON, AND TO THE HOLY SPIRIT. POPE FRANCIS ON THE ASCENSION OF OUR LORD. [241], During his time as Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF), Benedict XVI made several efforts to tackle the issue of homosexuality within the Church and the wider world. [90], He said that "a dictatorship of relativism"[91] was the core challenge facing the church and humanity. And your love is fruitful first and foremost for yourselves, because you desire and accomplish one another’s good, you experience the joy of receiving and giving. "Pope Francis invited Benedict XVI to spend some time in Castel Gandolfo in the month of July and Benedict accepted", Fr. His father, a policeman, belonged to an old family of farmers from Lower Bavaria of … "The church encourages the ratification of the international legal instruments that aim to defend the rights of migrants, refugees and their families," the Pope said. I got a strange e-mail alert Oct. 11 that Pope Benedict XVI has apparently changed his original papal coat of arms. According to the German text, the Pope's original comment was that the emperor "addresses his interlocutor in an astoundingly harsh—to us surprisingly harsh—way" (wendet er sich in erstaunlich schroffer, uns überraschend schroffer Form). [185] A few days later an unconfirmed rumor emerged that Pope Benedict had undergone an operation in preparation for an eventual bypass operation, but this rumor was only published by a small left-wing Italian newspaper and was never confirmed by any Vatican insider. Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, Pope Benedict XVI, was born at Marktl am Inn, Diocese of Passau (Germany) on 16 April 1927 (Holy Saturday) and was baptised on the same day. The name was proposed by the asteroid's first discoverers, L. D. Schmadel and F. Borngen at Tautenburg.[284]. [223], On 13 January 2020, Benedict published a book expressing his view that the Church must maintain its discipline of clerical celibacy, in light of ongoing debate on the issue.[224]. Benedict's election occurred in the 2005 papal conclave that followed the death of Pope John Paul. According to a Vatican spokesman, Benedict spent his first day as pope emeritus with Archbishop Georg Gänswein, the Prefect of the Papal Household. Speculation about its invalidity is simply absurd," he wrote. At that moment we were given a spark of new, divine life, which is destined to grow until it comes to its definitive fulfilment in the glory of heaven; we became members of the Church, God’s family, “sacrarium Trinitatis” as Saint Ambrose calls it, “a people made one by the unity of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit”, as the Second Vatican Council teaches (Lumen Gentium, 4). POPE BENEDICT XVI’ REFLECTION ON THE 4TH SUNDAY OF ADVENT YEAR B, POPE FRANCIS’ REFLECTION ON THE 4TH SUNDAY OF ADVENT YEAR B. "[167] As the Head of the CDF, Ratzinger developed a reputation for handling these cases. [251] In March 2012, he stated that heterosexual marriages should be defended from "every possible misrepresentation of their true nature". [199], On the morning of 28 February 2013, Pope Benedict met with the full College of Cardinals and in the early afternoon flew by helicopter to the papal summer residence of Castel Gandolfo. Successor of the Prince of the Apostles. We do not yet know what the motto of Pope Benedict XVI will be. It is a message that helps to overcome what can be considered the great temptation of our time: the claim, that after the Big Bang, God withdrew from history. September 2006) – BENEDIKT XVI", "Final Statement of Catholic-Muslim Forum", "Arab Reactions to the Pope's Visit Signs of Hope", "His Holiness the Dalai Lama Greets New Pope", "Italy: China blamed for absence of Papal audience for Dalai Lama", "Pope Softens Remarks on Conversion of Natives", "Pope tries to quell anger over speech he gave in Brazil", "Despite missteps, pope reaching out to other faiths", "The Pope Squares Off With Spain's Secular Champion", "Massive security for Pope's Turkey visit", "BBC NEWS – Europe – Pope honours Austrian Jewish dead", "www.bundespraesident.de: Der Bundespräsident / Reden / Begrüßung Seiner Heiligkeit Papst Benedikt XVI. He is a member of several scientific academies, such as the French Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques. Pope Benedict continued the tradition of his predecessor John Paul II and baptised several infants in the Sistine Chapel at the beginning of each year, on the Feast of the Baptism of the Lord, in his pastoral role as Bishop of Rome. [174] Victim groups claim the letter failed to clarify if secular law enforcement has priority over canon law confidentiality pertaining to internal investigation of abuse allegations. Pope Benedict XVI has appointed Bishop George J. Lucas, 59, to serve as the new Archbishop of Omaha, after accepting the resignation of Omaha’s Archbishop Elden Curtiss. [151] While in Washington, the pope addressed representatives of US Catholic universities, met with leaders of other world religions, and celebrated Mass at the Washington Nationals' baseball stadium with 47,000 people. Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: Benedictus XVI; Italian: Benedetto XVI; German: Benedikt XVI. Ratzinger chose the pontifical name Benedict, which comes from the Latin word meaning "the blessed", in honour of both Pope Benedict XV and Saint Benedict of Nursia. [133] On 9 May 2009, Benedict visited the King Hussein Mosque, Amman, Jordan where he was addressed by Prince Ghazi bin Muhammad. Prior to the papal conclave, this motto led to speculation that the next pontiff would be from the Order of Saint Benedict, whose symbols include the olive branch. During his visit, he suggested that altering sexual behavior was the answer to Africa's AIDS crisis, and urged Catholics to reach out and convert believers in sorcery. https://www.catholicsstrivingforholiness.org/solemnity-of-the-most-holy-trinity-glory-be-to-the-father-and-to-the-son-and-to-the-holy-spirit-av-summary-full-text/, Stay updated: subscribe by email for free TO OUR NEW WEBSITE www.catholicsstrivingforholiness.org (PUT YOUR EMAIL IN THE SUBSCRIBE WIDGET). "[242], In 1992, he again approved CDF documents declaring that homosexual "inclination itself must be seen as an objective disorder" and extended this principle to civil law. Servant of the Servants of God The Father gives everything to the Son; the Son receives everything from the Father with gratitude; and the Holy Spirit is the fruit of this mutual love of the Father and the Son….Responding to the love that comes from the Father, the Son gave his own life for us: on the cross God’s merciful love reaches its highest expression. "[137] The then President of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez demanded an apology, and an indigenous organisation in Ecuador issued a response which stated that "representatives of the Catholic Church of those times, with honourable exceptions, were accomplices, deceivers and beneficiaries of one of the most horrific genocides of all humanity. In his personal explanation and summary of the encyclical, he stated: "If friendship with God becomes for us something ever more important and decisive, then we will begin to love those whom God loves and who are in need of us. It has a garden of more than 2,000 square meters that overlooks the monastery and is adjacent to the current "Pope's garden". [96], The encyclical contains almost 16,000 words in 42 paragraphs. AV greeting and prayer. Pope Benedict XVI and Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng met at the Vatican on 25 January 2007 in a "new and important step towards establishing diplomatic ties". The inscription on the statue, according to Cardinal Giovanni Lajolo, has the coat of arms of the two popes to symbolize the fact that the statue was commissioned by Benedict XVI, and consecrated by Francis.[205]. On April 2, 2005, Pope John Paul II died at the age of 84; seventeen days later, on April 19, 2005, Pope Benedict XVI was elected the 265th pope of the Roman Catholic Church. After his resignation, Benedict XVI retained his papal name rather than reverting to his birth name. [64] In October 2008, the following beatifications took place: Celestine of the Mother of God, Giuseppina Nicoli, Hendrina Stenmanns, Maria Rosa Flesch, Marta Anna Wiecka, Michael Sopocko, Petrus Kibe Kasui and 187 Companions, Susana Paz-Castillo Ramírez, and Maria Isbael Salvat Romero. [170], In March 2010, the Pope sent a Pastoral Letter to the Catholic Church in Ireland addressing cases of sexual abuse by Catholic priests to minors, expressing sorrow, and promising changes in the way accusations of abuse are dealt with. He plays the piano and has a preference for Mozart and Bach. The English edition from Libera Editrice Vaticana is 158 pages. On only one occasion, 21 December 2005, the Pope wore the camauro, the traditional red papal hat usually worn in the winter. Pope Francis’ coat of arms essentially represents the Holy Family of Jesus, Mary, Joseph. Let us turn to Mary with filial trust, so that with her help we may progress in love and make our life a hymn of praise to the Father through the Son in the Holy Spirit. "[111], Benedict XVI condemned excessive consumerism, especially among youth. A few tens of meters away is the building of Vatican Radio.[201]. See also. Only in this friendship do we experience beauty and liberation....When we give ourselves to Him, we receive a hundredfold in return. "[138], While visiting the United States on 17 April 2008, Benedict met with International Society for Krishna Consciousness representative Radhika Ramana Dasa;[139] a noted Hindu scholar[140] and disciple of Hanumatpreshaka Swami. The solution must have two elements: firstly, bringing out the human dimension of sexuality, that is to say a spiritual and human renewal that would bring with it a new way of behaving towards others, and secondly, true friendship offered above all to those who are suffering, a willingness to make sacrifices and to practise self-denial, to be alongside the suffering. By John Stegeman The Catholic Telegraph From Pope Benedict XVI’s resignation (see March 2013 cover) to Pope Francis’ election (April 2013 cover) and everything since, The Catholic Telegraph has had the story. The name Benedict means “the blessed” and it was picked to honor both Pope Benedict XV and Saint Benedict of Nursia. Mariano de la Mata was beatified in November 2006 and Rosa Eluvathingal was beatified 3 December of that year, and Fr. [208] Weeks before this, he joined Pope Francis in Saint Peter's Square for an audience with grandparents to honor their importance in society. STAY UPDATED. Benedict XVI remained there for two weeks. Pope Benedict XVI was born Joseph Ratzinger on April 16, 1927, in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany, the youngest of three children. Metropolitan Archbishop of the Province of Rome. He is the third and youngest child of Joseph Ratzinger Sr., a police officer, and Maria Ratzinger (née Peintner); his grand-uncle was the German priest-politician Georg Ratzinger. [165][170] According to Jason Berry, Angelo Sodano "pressured" Cardinal Ratzinger, who was "operating on the assumption that the charges were not justified", to halt the proceedings against Maciel in 1999. The battery in the pacemaker had been replaced three months earlier, a routine procedure, but that did not influence his decision. Papal numbering. "[266], In 2009, the Pope intervened in global economic and political affairs with his third encyclical, Charity in Truth (Latin Caritas in veritate), which can be viewed on the Vatican's web site. Joseph Aloisius Ratzinger was born on 16 April, Holy Saturday, 1927, at Schulstraße 11, at 8:30 in the morning in his parents' home in Marktl, Bavaria, Germany. .” Father James Massa Executive Director, Secretariat of Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs United States Conference of Catholic Bishops [30] In 1943, while still in seminary, he was drafted into the German anti-aircraft corps as Luftwaffenhelfer. This podcast is in deep gratitude to Papa Ratzinger for being such a Holy Father to us all. Father Ratzinger is the first diocesan priest in 80 years to take on the pastoral governance of the Bavarian archdiocese. In the Good Friday service, the traditional Mass rubrics include a prayer that asks God to lift the veil so they [Jews] may be delivered from their darkness. [78], Pope Benedict made only modest changes to the structure of the Roman Curia. In August 2014, Benedict XVI celebrated Mass at the Vatican and met with his former doctoral students, an annual tradition he has kept since the 1970s. Thus, in the mystery of the cross, the three divine Persons are present: the Father, who gives his Only-Begotten Son for the salvation of the world; the Son, who totally fulfils the Father’s plan; the Holy Spirit — poured out by Jesus at the moment of his death — who comes to make us participants in divine life, to transform our existence so that it may be enlivened by divine love. [41][42] He served as Vice President of the University of Regensburg from 1976 to 1977. "[116] The Foreign Minister of Israel also offered more tentative praise, though the Minister believed that "this Pope, considering his historical experience, will be especially committed to an uncompromising fight against anti-Semitism. 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