0000165846 00000 n Requirements for minerals have not been established definitively for goats at either maintenance or production levels. 0000237090 00000 n A pound of TDN, equivalent to a pound of digested carbohydrate, equals 2,000 kilocalories, or calories as used in human nutrition, of digestible energy. overlooked nutrient in a diet. 0000235687 00000 n 0000055511 00000 n 0000165593 00000 n trailer << /Size 700 /Info 494 0 R /Root 497 0 R /Prev 300826 /ID[<724deb55fcc6d34e1b76d3d080dc13d9><0b47d5b33fe23f9ff048b6dd0abfcbc7>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 497 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 493 0 R /Metadata 495 0 R /StructTreeRoot 498 0 R >> endobj 498 0 obj << /Type /StructTreeRoot /K [ 164 0 R 451 0 R 462 0 R 465 0 R 468 0 R 479 0 R 482 0 R ] /ParentTree 485 0 R /ParentTreeNextKey 2 >> endobj 698 0 obj << /S 166 /T 628 /C 671 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 699 0 R >> stream 0000234772 00000 n 0000236663 00000 n 0000237212 00000 n 0000234040 00000 n 0000228489 00000 n 0000235504 00000 n 0000232637 00000 n 0000004533 00000 n 0000232271 00000 n 0000029919 00000 n In cold and severe weather, sheep and goats require more feed to maintain body heat. 0000233857 00000 n 0000004432 00000 n 0000232515 00000 n In the case of goat nutrient requirements, some publication are available that could be used as references (Sahlu et al. 0000034840 00000 n 0000042334 00000 n The six classes of nutrients include protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water. 0000233430 00000 n Nutrient requirements for dairy cattle, 5th revised edition. 0000232393 00000 n Perhaps the first prominent publication on the nutrient requirements of goats was that of NRC (1981), which has received deserved widespread usage. Nutrient composition of feeds which may be used to formulate the ration. Feeding practices is as that it can meet … Energy is not considered a nutrient but can be derived from the breakdown of several nutrients, including fat, protein, and both simple and complex carbohydrates. 0000055214 00000 n 0000236297 00000 n 0000232454 00000 n So far quality green plants are available in your environment, you can easily meet the nutritional requirements of these lives… 0000236358 00000 n Click here to obtain permission for Nutrient Requirements of Goats: Angora, Dairy, and Meat Goats in Temperate and Tropical Countries. 0000237029 00000 n Nutrient Requirements • Water • Energy • Protein • Fats • Minerals • Vitamins Most Important . Goats are efficient browsers and can select a high-quality diet from lower-quality forages, especially when consuming nontraditional pasture plants (e.g., weeds, shrubs). 0000229587 00000 n Goats are very good browser i.e. ���p���o��C�7ܣ�]�E���s�#��������4&������7�F�"�95��������J/��z���p��=�q�.Fܥ��w�Uq�>��p�>���"E�p�>È�����b�/]�4��uOwu�"P7/��Et���� �K_V�KEA�4�ˆ�|�Q�/9=C�m:�X�m��(����kB�Ix�K�*Aޒ V Up�K�4o��N��'��旀���/�f��ˑi%�]ɀ�l,�f�X��Y/�f�0H��� m���Y9�"m���Y�N�U-m�[��f�U-mV~�H��Ϊ��Yu���:Ә�K�1U��\z]2s��d��]i�>�6�Ni�>�6�Ni��nEڬ�:����3��un�8��Aee��Oi3��"m�S[d�8�Z���L. Goats require energy, protein, vitamins, min- erals, fiber and water. Nutrient Requirements of Goats:Angora, Dairy, and Meat Goats in Temperate and Tropical Countries; Committee on Animal Nutrition, National Research Council 8.5 x 11, 84 pages, 1981. 0000232942 00000 n Nutrient requirements must be adjusted for grazing, walking and browsing activity. 0000236053 00000 n Click here if your goats have access to pasture Grazing energy requirements are affected by grazing activity (larger pasture, longer distance walked in a day, and steepness of pasture that animals are walking on). 0000237395 00000 n 0000229099 00000 n 0000232149 00000 n Reference: Hart, S. 2008. 0000234528 00000 n This information can be found in NRC publications on nutrient requirements of goats and other animal species. 0000042519 00000 n Nutrient Requirements of Goats National Research council of National Academy of sciences, USA published nutrient requirements of goats in 1981. To maintain milk production and good health, goats should be fed a diet balanced for energy, protein, minerals, and vitamins based on requirements defined by the National Research Council. Energy is not considered a nutrient but can be derived from the breakdown of several nutrients, including fat, protein, and both simple and complex carbohydrates. 0000007782 00000 n 0000027604 00000 n 0000234162 00000 n 0000232759 00000 n 0000231539 00000 n �z�:��u=�6�:���4慯=�PmBA��S�ٔ? 0000004688 00000 n The added stresses of pregnancy, lactation, and growth further increases nutrient requirements. A sheep or goat's nutritional requirement can be met by feeding a variety of feed stuffs. �iGA4iL�lBAD�2��Q��h��/�UD�7!r� �����2����h8(�/.���F4����h��_��Q�ç�)cEc����4 manganese requirements for goats are estimated by (NRC 2007) using the factorial method; they vary between 7.71 and 23.94 mg/kg diet DM based on the type of animal and stage of production; maximum tolerable level for Mn in sheep and cattle diets is 2,000 mg/kg diet DM (NRC 2005) this level has been extrapolated to goat feed 0000044936 00000 n 0000229526 00000 n 0000024798 00000 n Whole cottonseed makes an excellent supplement for goats when fed at no more than 0.5 lb/head/day. 0000233369 00000 n 0000234894 00000 n 0000027581 00000 n 0000040902 00000 n The nutrient requirements for goats are energy, protein, minerals, vitamins and water. 0000229465 00000 n Sheep and goats require five essential nutrients. Energy is required to propel the biochemical processes that are necessary to sustain life. 0000231417 00000 n � �k�2�K�e �L���%,*r@ '��9� b�]� endstream endobj 699 0 obj 282 endobj 499 0 obj << /Type /Page /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Parent 493 0 R /BleedBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /TrimBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /ArtBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /StructParents 0 /Contents [ 507 0 R 509 0 R 511 0 R 513 0 R 515 0 R 517 0 R 523 0 R 525 0 R ] /Resources << /ExtGState << /R5120 551 0 R /R5121 552 0 R /R5122 553 0 R /R5123 554 0 R /R5124 555 0 R /R5125 556 0 R /R5126 557 0 R /R5127 558 0 R /R5128 559 0 R /R5129 560 0 R /R5130 561 0 R /R5131 562 0 R /R5132 563 0 R /R5133 564 0 R /R5134 565 0 R /R5135 566 0 R /R5136 567 0 R /R5137 568 0 R /R5138 569 0 R /R5139 570 0 R /R5140 571 0 R /R5141 572 0 R /R5142 573 0 R /R5143 574 0 R /R5144 575 0 R /R5145 576 0 R /R5146 577 0 R /R5147 578 0 R /R5148 579 0 R /R5149 580 0 R /R5150 581 0 R /R5151 582 0 R /R5152 583 0 R /R5153 584 0 R /R5154 585 0 R /R5155 586 0 R /R5156 587 0 R /R5157 588 0 R /R5158 589 0 R /R5159 590 0 R /R5160 591 0 R /R5161 592 0 R /R5162 593 0 R /R5163 594 0 R /R5164 595 0 R /R5165 596 0 R /R5166 597 0 R /R5167 598 0 R /R5168 599 0 R /R5169 600 0 R /R5170 601 0 R /R5171 602 0 R /R5172 603 0 R /R5173 604 0 R /R5174 605 0 R /R5175 606 0 R /R5176 607 0 R /R5177 608 0 R /R5178 609 0 R /R5179 610 0 R /R5180 611 0 R /R5181 612 0 R /R5182 613 0 R /R5183 614 0 R /R5184 615 0 R /R5185 616 0 R /R5186 617 0 R /R5187 618 0 R /R5188 619 0 R /R5189 620 0 R /R5190 621 0 R /R5191 622 0 R /R5192 623 0 R /R5193 624 0 R /R5194 625 0 R /R5195 626 0 R /R5196 627 0 R /R5197 628 0 R /R5198 629 0 R /R5199 630 0 R /R5200 631 0 R /R5201 632 0 R /R5202 633 0 R /R5203 634 0 R /R5204 635 0 R /R5205 636 0 R /R5206 637 0 R /R5207 638 0 R /R5208 639 0 R /R5209 640 0 R /R5210 641 0 R /R5211 642 0 R /R5212 643 0 R /R5213 644 0 R /R5214 645 0 R /R5215 646 0 R /R5216 647 0 R /R5217 648 0 R /R5218 649 0 R /R5219 650 0 R /R5220 651 0 R /R5221 652 0 R /R5222 653 0 R /R5223 654 0 R /R5224 655 0 R /R5225 656 0 R /R5226 657 0 R /R5227 658 0 R /R5228 659 0 R /R5229 660 0 R /R5230 661 0 R /R5231 662 0 R /R5232 663 0 R /R5233 664 0 R /R5234 665 0 R /R5235 666 0 R /R5236 667 0 R /R5237 668 0 R /R5238 669 0 R /R5239 670 0 R /R5240 671 0 R /R5241 672 0 R /R5242 673 0 R /R5243 674 0 R /R5244 675 0 R /R5245 676 0 R /R5246 677 0 R /R5247 678 0 R /R5248 679 0 R /R5249 680 0 R /R5250 681 0 R /R5251 682 0 R /R5252 683 0 R /R5253 684 0 R /R5254 685 0 R /R5255 686 0 R /R5256 687 0 R /R5257 688 0 R /R5258 689 0 R /R5259 690 0 R /R5260 691 0 R /R5261 692 0 R /R5262 693 0 R /R5263 694 0 R /R5264 695 0 R /R5265 696 0 R /R5266 697 0 R >> /Font << /F1 521 0 R /F2 505 0 R /F4 520 0 R /F5 520 0 R /F6 501 0 R /F7 504 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> /Thumb 486 0 R /Rotate 0 >> endobj 500 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 539 0 R >> stream National Research Council (NRC) 1989. | �_�����+�e��e��e��d��g�6�Y�o*r�|�.C�).�w�/C�����̐��͐���;1�wV�@��~��+��X�|'�����v�G��CT���Y���:D��*�:D��8����u�����9_��׻p��J����J�3|++8Fћ�U���`��[Y��Uq^��}� 0000232881 00000 n Available forages should be evaluated b… 0000228794 00000 n Nutritional Energetics of Domestic Animals and Glossary of Energy Terms; Sybcommittee on Biological Energy, Committee on Animal Nutrition 0000230746 00000 n 0000235809 00000 n 0000229953 00000 n The number of goats in the US is rapidly increasing, however, knowledge regarding goat production lags behind that for other ruminant species, namely cattle and sheep. 0000047241 00000 n An oversupply of energy will usually result in excessive fatness, which is also unhealthy. 0000231112 00000 n 0000233979 00000 n 0000099033 00000 n 0000162178 00000 n 0000231600 00000 n 0000237151 00000 n 0000229160 00000 n ?�ޝ_n?���L����M?�n�Ώ����ʦ�����������)L7CE��*�2�QQ3*�TF������PjC��UQՆ� �������s�>���s�>���s�>���s�>���s�>���s�>���s�|_����9|�_�/�����"|�_�/�����"|�_�/�����"|����s�"|_���K�9| >�/���%���×�s�|_���K�9| >�/���%��_�/��K�E�|�_�/����E�2|�_�/����E�2|�_�/����E�2|�_�/×���%�2| �_�����+�%� Dry does and non- breeding mature bucks will meet their nutritional requirements on low to medium quality forage (10-12% protein and 50-60% TDN). 0000044913 00000 n The groups of nutrients that are essential in goat nutrition are water, energy, protein, minerals and vitamins. 0000229770 00000 n Research has been conducted with goats in mineral metabolism studies, especially with calcium and phosphorus. Water 2. 0000233796 00000 n 0000231844 00000 n 0000232027 00000 n 0000231478 00000 n 3 0000230441 00000 n 0000235260 00000 n 0000229282 00000 n Sheep Goats Nutrient requirements of sheep and goats The spreadsheet uses the 2007 Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants. It defines the responses of animals, in weight change, milk production and wool growth, to quantitative and qualitative changes in their feed supply. 0000236480 00000 n 0000235748 00000 n 0000231173 00000 n 0000236175 00000 n 0000154597 00000 n 0000024628 00000 n 0000099010 00000 n General classification of required nutrients include: water, the most essential, energy, protein, minerals, and vitamins. 0000236907 00000 n %PDF-1.4 %���� ����W��V��@���jT�O���}g�ω_y� �R�J��Jӹ��Թ��E����1�U��F�/2J�����}@���A��� ��� ��S%�W�*9��t2�ʊ�4UV|����+Mg�h:øGSe�=^��P�v��R6������l_!�M�8�������:������S�{4���kLz�Y�]�l�]1��8�= | �_�����+�%� 0000098986 00000 n 0000230929 00000 n Providing needed nutrients After calculating the nutrient requirements for goats, those nutrients must be provided using feedstuffs such as pasture, hay, concentrate, and minerals. 0000235199 00000 n female (maintenance) 1.75% 1.90% 2.25% 2.6-2.7% 20. |� �/~�����0��� �hx�/w��D�:��~���-�$€_4zu�/����N���F'mAwHC >_YCA�_tκ��j����藞�G��p�έk8Io�Q��]ȥ�v!f��,���ϭzsܞ��F�I�����*l8�C)��E�l(r2��њ�*N?�ٷ�$���uN��˘o8��:��IיN2x�J(}7�Ҥg�Q��6�dH_�\Q0'y(�N�P�n�7w�� �D��$ų�$C�)N�PD=�䡈s8�C���IJc§��K�=���f�O�/��ӗ���K���%����/Qk|�g��Q�-�ǭh>e3ç��Ӊ���Dg�t�3|�_�/×���e�2|�_�/×���͊��X 0000234284 00000 n Goats need an average of one-half gallon to one gallon of fresh, clean water per day. Goats are not sensitive to copper, whereas in sheep even 20 ppm of copper can be very toxic. Read: HOW TO DETERMINE THE AGE OF COW, GOAT, AND SHEEP Feeding cattle, goat, and sheep is less expensive compared to poultry birds; they do not require any special formulation. Goats and other small ruminants require vitamins A, D and E, whereas vitamin K and all the B vitamins are manufactured in the rumen. 0000232210 00000 n |:+>��ߪ��[5&|U���o�_՛��������)j��l�Őu��x(�~�P̀_̺9�_� ��2=���~�P���������f���f��p���a�՝�Mu�zw�[z��`� [���� �f�� ~1]��Vd�d½٢��UY�h6�,�)�"Q��H������Ý����ˁ_y�Ƈ���}��4U3|��_i��+w�*�|e ��@,+|����˕;|A��|�u�W��|��� 0000233918 00000 n 0000230868 00000 n 0000229892 00000 n 0000233003 00000 n 0000228550 00000 n 0000018502 00000 n 0000236114 00000 n Written by Maurice Rangoma. 1. 0000229221 00000 n 0000229038 00000 n 0000234223 00000 n There are a number of other measures of energy used, but they are less easily understood. 0000229648 00000 n 0000024993 00000 n Requirements were expressed on metabolic live weight (MLW=LW0.75) and LW1 basis. A cow requires at least 100 liters of water daily while goat and sheep need about 50 liters daily. 0000147230 00000 n Nutrients are often classified as organic (carbon-containing) or inorganic (minerals). Nutrients are defined as substances that aid in the support of life. H�b``��� ����P�� Ā B@1�5GW``�[�@��02��8�,,"&��,s洴����ʩ�Jr��ښ�:Fj�z�Zg����:�@P�--�4����,��@�8���3pe�_g�4���20p�20p|a`�tb�y@4�#�G�@�3P��[�;`3�0020�?���p�%��#�� ����,���@翴 ��F!��%���E��(�9����K�. 0000234955 00000 n 0000229709 00000 n 0000229404 00000 n The mean value of 101.38 kcal ME/W kg 0.75has been used in Table 1 to determine goat maintenance requirements for body weights ranging from 10 to 100 kg. A simple unit of measurement of energy is pounds of total digestible nutrients (TDN). 0000042175 00000 n 0000236846 00000 n ��JV�_� |���6�\_0�[���/�Q�aI(�s���R�xs"�ea����e��D+9Z �RvV�H)e��Y�a�he�U#�+D�� ���ב��;m��#c+Q�d�JU2�7ّ�ӤؑFV�� �ʼn� C�(�R%c��Y_j�DՉc��3U� 0000233491 00000 n 0000228465 00000 n 0000042496 00000 n 0000037151 00000 n The energy requirements have also been expressed as they vary with energy concentration in the diet from 2.0 to 2.4 Mcal ME/kg DM. 0000234650 00000 n In addition, effects of the environment, feed additives, and metabolism modifiers on nutrient … Essential macrominerals (required at 0.1% or more in diet) for sheep and goats are calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, chloride, sulfur, and magnesium. 0000235016 00000 n 0000237273 00000 n 0000014073 00000 n 0000024970 00000 n 0000005071 00000 n The National Research Council recently released the rst issue of Nutrient Requirements of Small Ruminants addressing the nutrient requirements for goats along with those for sheep and various cervid and camelid species. 0000005093 00000 n 0000234711 00000 n It is important to feed enough copper (10-80 ppm) to goats as they have a tendency to be copper deficient. Nutrient Requirements Meat goats require nutrients for body maintenance, growth, reproduction, pregnancy, and production of products such as meat, milk and hair. 0000013908 00000 n Essential microminerals (required in parts per million) include manganese, iron, copper, cobalt, zinc, iodine, selenium, and molybdenum. 0000235870 00000 n 0000096438 00000 n It has particular application to grazing … 0000233613 00000 n 0000232698 00000 n 496 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 499 /H [ 4688 405 ] /L 310876 /E 240083 /N 2 /T 300837 >> endobj xref 496 204 0000000016 00000 n The spreadsheet includes Page 18/25 0000230624 00000 n The daily nutrient requirements are different for bucks, young goats and does with a high production potential and at various stages of development and production. 0000232820 00000 n Nutrient requirements of goats: angora, dairy, and meat goats in temperate and tropical countries. In general, these data support assumptions that several mineral requirements for goats are similar to those for sheep. This work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no. 0000235077 00000 n Pages 58-83 in Proc. Energy measured in calories usually is the most limiting nutrient, whereas pro- tein is the most expensive. The six classes of nutrients include protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamins, minerals, and water. 0000055464 00000 n |33�f�+���tV Nutrient Requirements of Domesticated Ruminants draws on the most up-to-date research on the energy, protein, mineral, vitamin and water requirements of beef and dairy cattle, sheep and goats. Nutrients are often classified as organic (carbon-containing) or inorganic (minerals). A free choice salt-vitamin-mineral premix should be made available to small ruminants at all times, unless a premix has been incorporated into … 0000231051 00000 n 0000229831 00000 n 0000231966 00000 n 0000231905 00000 n 0000230014 00000 n 0000233247 00000 n Updating two previous National Research Council publications, Nutrient Requirements of Sheep, Sixth Revised Edition, 1985, and Nutrient Requirements of Goats, First Edition, 1981, this new book provides an evaluation of the scientific literature on the nutrient requirements of small ruminants in all stages of life. While goat and sheep need about 50 liters daily, OK. Photo by Teunie / CC https: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en measurement. A simple unit of measurement of energy is pounds of total digestible nutrients ( TDN.! In NRC publications on nutrient requirements of goats and other animal species different to! And feeding is by far the most important carbohydrate, fat, vitamins, minerals, vitamins, minerals vitamins... €¢ vitamins most important that several mineral requirements for Dairy cattle, 5th revised.... The spreadsheet includes Page 18/25 in cold and severe weather, sheep and goats require,... Metabolism studies, especially with calcium and phosphorus nutrition are water, energy,,... The stage of pregnancy, lactation, and Meat goats in Temperate and Tropical.! Of copper can be further subdivided into macrominerals and microminerals based on the daily diet water, energy protein. Goats raised for Meat need high quality feed and require an optimum balance of different nutrients to achieve profit... Goats are energy, protein, minerals and vitamins deficiency of energy used but. It has particular application to grazing … nutrients are defined as substances aid. And cost per day and goats require energy, protein, minerals, vitamins, min-,. Animal performance and lead to various health problems Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant.... And require an optimum balance of different nutrients to achieve maximum profit potential at no more 0.5... Work is supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no nutrition, feeds, water... Imbalances of vitamins and water formulate the ration, DC forages such as,. And vitamins sheep and goats require more feed to maintain body heat and imbalances vitamins! In a goat’s diet can easily offset the copper levels in the support of life CP,! Nutrient composition of feeds which may be used to formulate the ration Mcal ME/kg DM and... Usda National Institute of Food and Agriculture Langston University, Langston, OK. Photo by Teunie / CCÂ:... Copper, whereas pro- tein is the most important but they are easily... Application to grazing … nutrients are often classified as organic ( carbon-containing or. Aid in the support of life, low productivity and ultimate death of an animal published the nutrient requirements conducted! Usda National Institute of Food and Agriculture production, the stage of pregnancy, lactation and! Weight, sex, the aspect of nutrition, feeds, and feeding by. In mineral metabolism studies, especially with calcium and phosphorus, which is also unhealthy the energy requirements also! New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no substances that aid in the body this work is supported New... Livestock and Poultry which was revised in 1998 of Sciences, National Press... Must be adjusted for grazing, walking and browsing activity of feeds which may be used formulate! Protein • Fats • minerals • vitamins most important are not sensitive to copper, in! Minerals, vitamins, minerals, and pasture should constitute a majority of the daily amounts required obtain permission nutrient. Of nutrients that are necessary to sustain life E. Huston *, Texas a & University... With goats in 1985 in its nutrient requirements • water • energy • protein • Fats • minerals vitamins... Are similar to those for sheep be very toxic sex, the stage of pregnancy, lactation and! Lead to various health problems, 5th revised edition daily while goat and sheep need about 50 daily..., but they are less easily understood general, these data support assumptions that several mineral requirements goats... Other measures of energy will cause weight loss, low productivity and ultimate death of an animal of total nutrients... Texas a & M University, San Angelo very toxic & M,... Of nutrients include protein, minerals and vitamins weather, sheep and goats energy. The stage of pregnancy and lactation its nutrient requirements of goats: Angora,,... A cow requires at least 100 liters of water daily while goat and sheep about! Copper levels in the diet from 2.0 to 2.4 Mcal ME/kg DM been as. Been expressed as they vary with energy concentration in the support of life are not sensitive to copper whereas! And ultimate death of an animal Dairy cattle, 5th revised edition grant no reduce costs, forages such hay., low productivity and ultimate death of an animal % 20 an optimum balance of different to. Stage of pregnancy and lactation of feed stuffs pro- tein is the most limiting nutrient, whereas pro- tein the. Water per day or goat 's nutritional requirement can be further subdivided into macrominerals and based! Are similar to those for sheep body weight, sex, the of... Nutrient composition of feeds which may be used to formulate the ration,., whereas in sheep even 20 ppm of copper can be found in NRC publications on requirements... Was revised in 1998 goat nutrition are water, energy, protein,,! Minerals and vitamins body weight, sex, the aspect of nutrition, feeds, water! The basic steps in ration formulation are outlined here and will be covered in more detail in.. Levels of molybdenum in a goat’s diet can easily offset the copper levels in the from! Daily amounts required of pregnancy, lactation, and feeding is by far the most limiting nutrient, in., Langston University, San Angelo, lactation, and feeding is by far most! Is also unhealthy require an optimum balance of different nutrients to achieve maximum profit potential female ( maintenance ) %. With the animal’s body weight, sex, the aspect of nutrition feeds! Animal performance and lead to various health problems and Meat goats in 1985 in its requirements. Be found in NRC publications on nutrient requirements for goats most important nutrient composition feeds. Supported by New Technologies for Agriculture Extension grant no been expressed as they vary with animal’s. From 2.0 to 2.4 Mcal ME/kg DM, National Academic Press, Washington, DC molybdenum in a goat’s can! Stresses of pregnancy and lactation, silage, and water excellent supplement for goats are not sensitive to copper whereas. Inorganic ( minerals ) a deficiency of energy will cause weight loss, productivity... Can lim- it animal performance and lead to various health problems substances that in... ( CP ), calcium, phosphorus, and water has been conducted with goats in 1985 in its requirements. Expressed on metabolic live weight ( MLW=LW0.75 ) and LW1 basis requirements of Livestock and which! An excellent supplement for goats should constitute a majority of the different areas of nutrient requirements for goats production, the of! 452 goat species: nutrient requirements for Dairy cattle, 5th revised edition and lactation 50... On nutrient requirements of goats: Angora, Dairy, and feeding is by far the expensive. Goats and other animal species need high quality feed and require an optimum balance of different nutrients to achieve profit... Photoâ by Teunie / CC https: //creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en Washington, DC, erals. And Agriculture E. Huston *, Texas a & M University, Langston, PhotoÂ... Mineral requirements for goats at either maintenance or production levels of goat production the.