Early Detection & Distribution Mapping System. The brown marmorated stink bug also feeds on leaves, and a characteristic symptom of leaf injury is stippled areas approximately 1/8 inch in diameter around feeding sites. The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Figure 1), is an invasive stink bug first identified in the United States near Allentown, Pennsylvania, in 2001, though it was likely present in the area several years prior to its discovery (Hoebeke and Carter 2003). The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) was first collected in September of 1998 in Allentown, but probably arrived several years earlier. Invasive species The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys Stål is native to eastern Asia. Adults are speckled brown-gray with a white band on its antennae (fig. The stink bug will not reproduce inside structures or cause damages. The eyes are a deep red. Participating in the brown marmorated stink bug work group. Brown marmorated stink bugs are part of an order of insects known as the true bugs. The brown marmorated stink bug can be a serious agricultural pest and has been observed feeding successfully on numerous fruit, vegetable, and field crops including apples, apricots, Asian pears, cherries, corn (field and sweet), grapes, lima beans, nectarines and peaches, peppers, tomatoes and soybeans. The BMSB has piercing-sucking mouthparts which extract plant juices and sugars while leaving behind puncture holes. The color of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug keeps them effectively camouflaged among branches and dead leaves. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement, Common Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases in Pennsylvania, Yellowmargined Leaf Beetle Serious Pest in Pennsylvania. Additionally, if the insects are crushed or smashed against exposed skin, they can produce dermatitis at the point of contact; there has not been much research in this regard, although it appears to affect only a small percentage of the population. Adults are approximately 17 mm (0.66 in) long and are shades of brown on both the upper and lower body surfaces (Fig. Brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Stål) is a highly destructive invasive pest of annual and perennial crops in the eastern United States and is an increasing threat to agriculture in the Pacific Northwest. The adult brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys, can be confused with other brown stink bugs. Halyomorpha halys (Stål), the brown marmorated stink bug, is a highly invasive insect species due in part to its exceptionally high levels of polyphagy. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. Appearance. Authored by Steve Jacobs, Sr. Extension Associate, February 2015.Revised by Michael Skvarla, Insect Identification Laboratory Director & Extension Educator, December 2017. Origins of BMSB. In 2002 it was United States Environmental Protection Agency, For more information, see Choosing a Pest Control Company, Prevent Stink Bugs from Overwintering in your School and Home, USDA: Combating the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, USDA: Species Profile – The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, Northeastern IPM Center: Brown Marmorated Stink Bug IPM Working Group: Overview, EPA: Asthma, Cockroaches, and Other Pests, Biology, ecology, and management of brown marmorated stink bug in specialty crops. Figure 2. Both nymphs and adults feed off of tree leaves and hanging fruit. Typically, stink bugs will emerge from cracks under or behind baseboards, around window and door trim, and around exhaust fans or lights in ceilings. The brown marmorated stink bug is also a common urban pest, often a a nuisance to homeowners in the fall while seeking protected locations for overwintering. The eggs are elliptical (1.6 x 1.3 mm), light yellow to yellow-red with minute spines forming fine lines. It is between 14 and 17 mm long, roughly the size of a U.S. dime. The adult brown marmorated stink bug is shield shaped with brown mottling. 1). BMSB is also closely related to other, more common stink bugs and shares a similar shield-like shape with them. To identify this species accurately, examine its antennae for alternating bands of light and dark on the last two segments. The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) was first observed in the United States in Allentown, Pennsylvania, in 1996, and is now found in most U.S. states, southern Canada and Europe. The brown marmorated stink bug (Halyomorpha halys) or BMSB is native to Eastern Asia, mainly China, Korea, Japan, and Taiwan.The first report of this species in the United States occurred in Pennsylvania in 2001, although it is likely to have established as early as 1996. [1] Brown Marmorated Stink Bug Halyomorpha halys Background The brown marmorated stink bug Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), native to East Asia, is an invasive species that is expanding its range in North America (first detected in 1996) and in Europe (first detected 2004). The bug is likely to start showing up in imported cargo from the northern hemisphere. Seal these openings with caulk or other suitable materials to prevent the insects from crawling out. They do not bite people or pets and they are not known to transmit disease or cause physical harm. LEARN HOW TO STOP THE INVASIVE SPOTTED LANTERNFLY, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the Extension Community, Download PDF Save For Later Print Available in Spanish, Common name: Brown marmorated stink bugScientific name: Halyomorpha halys Stål, 1855Order: Hemiptera (true bugs)Family: Pentatomidae (stink bugs). Introduction: Brown Marmorated Stink Bugs (BMSB) are an exotic insect pest from Asia that is causing great alarm in the agricultural industry. Background. Contact a pest control professional to treat surrounding vegetation near your home’s foundation, which can harbor large populations of stink bugs, with products registered for residential outdoor uses. (2009) Brown marmorated stink bug. American Entomologist 55(1): 19-20. Brown marmorated stink bug (Order Hemiptera: Family Pentatomidae) (BMSB) (Fig. When they're disturbed they release a foul-smelling liquid which can make your house hard to live in. The University of Georgia - Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health. The base color is a mixture of brown, dark red, and black on the dorsal surface, with a beige or cream- US counties where BMSB has been detected as of November 2017. Spines are located on the femur, before each eye, and several on the lateral margins of the thorax (Fig. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug is a polyphagous feeder that attacks more than 170 different plant species including agricultural crops like vegetables, legumes and tree fruits. When insulating exposed plumbing pipes around the foundation or the crawlspace of your home, caulk small gaps and fill larger ones with steel wool. Kingdom Animalia > Phylum Arthropoda > Class Insecta > Order Hemiptera > Family Pentatomidae > Genus Halyomorpha Description: Banded antennae rule out similar native stink bugs. The name “stink bug" refers to the scent glands located on the dorsal surface of the abdomen and the underside of the thorax. Both live and dead stink bugs can be removed from interior areas with the aid of a vacuum cleaner - however, the vacuum may acquire the smell of stink bugs for a period of time. They are attached, side-by-side, to the underside of leaves in masses of 20 to 30 eggs. In 2001 it was officially identified in Pennsylvania, and has since spread along the eastern seaboard and westward into the Great Lakes region. In field crops, damage caused by brown marmorated stink bug is not usually evident immediately upon visual inspection. Adult brown marmorated stink bugs, like other pests, can enter homes through cracks and crevices. The brown marmorated stink bug can be a serious agricultural pest and has been observed feeding successfully on numerous fruit, vegetable, and field crops including apples, apricots, Asian pears, cherries, corn (field and sweet), grapes, lima beans, nectarines and peaches, peppers, tomatoes and soybeans.Physical damage to fruit includes pitting and scarring, sometimes leading to a mealy texture. Newly hatched nymphs have dark red eyes and the abdomen is yellowish, mottled with black and red. Brown marmorated stink bug has distinct doubled white band on antennae. The Brown Marmorated Stink Bug is a polyphagous feeder that attacks more than 170 different plant species including agricultural crops like vegetables, legumes and tree fruits. EDDMapS. 2). Brown marmorated stink bugs have been found in a wide range of goods especially from places where there are large populations of the bugs. What do they do? All true bugs have needle-like mouthparts on their head and they uses these to siphon out fluids for food. Brown marmorated stink bugs can produce allergic reactions (rhinitis and/or conjunctivitis) in individuals who are sensitive to the bugs' odor (the defensive chemicals can be an aeroallergen). If you suspect you have seen brown marmorated stink bugs, contact your State Department of Agriculture, University Diagnostic Laboratory or Cooperative Extension Service for further advice on effective treatment and control recommendations. The brown marmorated stink bug is the newest stink bug found in Ohio field crops, and will perhaps become a greater concern in the future in soybean and corn, especially in sweet corn. The nymphal stages do not have developed wings. Photo: iStock. Its abdominal edges and last two antennal segments have alternating broad light and dark bands. 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