1898 – Ronald Ross discovers the role of the female Anopheles mosquito in the transmission of malaria, caused by one or other of several species of plasmodia, a group of single-celled parasites.. 1954 – Jonas Salk’s polio vaccine is tested. From Academic Kids. First stage: Imaging science has evolved in three stages. He says the world is made of 4 elements, earth, fire, water and air. All scientific discoveries are amazing, and some are truly life changing. To give science some extra love (as if we could love it any more), we’ve looked back on our conversations and interviews with our life science community to see which scientific discoveries you think are the greatest. An excerpt from A Century of Nature: Twenty-One Discoveries that Changed Science and the World edited by Laura Garwin and Tim Lincoln. Mathematics, Computer science, agent based modeling, cognitive sciences, Philosophy 1970s: Amos Tversky and Daniel Kahneman published series of discoveries on the psychology of human judgment and decision making describing the pervasive nature of systematic human cognitive bias and handling of risk in everyday life. View Full Image 1853 Ancient Greek Science. Historical accounts say Morton hoped to make a fortune off his “discovery,” but he ran into many snags before and afterward. A TIMELINE OF THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE. Morton worked with another dentist, Horace Wells. Timeline of scientific discoveries. In 1845, just one year before the first successful surgery with anesthesia, Morton and … The Timeline below shows the date of publication of major scientific theories. By Tim Lambert. Founding figure: Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen discovered x-rays in 1895, a discovery for which he received the first Nobel prize for physics in 1901. First issue of the Journal of the Photographic Society, with a strong interest in scientific photographic discoveries and uses, is published in England. I'm a student of science and science history, and to find a reference to Black Holes on the same page as the discovery of the solar system was a tad weird, since this is supposed to be a timeline that demonstrates what was going on of importance around the world progressively through time. In many cases, the discovery spanned several years. 276-194 BC Eratosthenes lives. Many of his ideas are wrong but the dominate science for the next 2,000 years. The 16th century was a time of unprecedented change that saw the very beginning of the modern era of science, great exploration, religious and political turmoil, and extraordinary literature. Erik Gregersen is a senior editor at Encyclopaedia Britannica, specializing in the physical sciences and technology. 494-434 BC Empedocles lives. 384-322 BC Aristotle lives. 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