It uses Medium Bullets.. The Bren Mk2 was much simplified in the body, which although still being milled from a solid billet of steel, required significantly fewer milling operations than the Mk1, resulting in a much cleaner appearance. Weight Bren Mk2 conversion, one chromium-plated steel barrel. If this article has not been edited in several days, please remove this template. Technically, Bren is gas-operated, air-cooled, magazine-fed machinegun. When the gun did jam through fouling caused by prolonged firing, the operator could adjust the four-position gas regulator to feed more gas to the piston increasing the power to operate the mechanism. Cyclic rate Gun Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. Note: the early conversions to 7.62 used a converted EM 2 rifle magazine. A 100-round pan magazine was available for the Bren for use in the anti-aircraft role. While the Bren Mk III design also aimed at reducing cost, it also had the concurrent goal of being lightened for jungle warfare; the final product weighed 19 pounds and 5 ounces (3 pounds lighter than the original Bren Mk I design); it was standardised in July 1944 and saw a production of 57,600. Feed system The only concern that was raised was the magazine capacity; the British Army wanted a 30-round magazine in place of the Zb.30's 20 rounds. 1971 (British, still produced by India) The Japanese Nambu Type 96 and 99 were heavily based on the ZB, the the British Bren was a direct evolution licensed from Brno. The Mk.II changed the rear sight from a drum-adjusted aperture to a simple flip-up ladder sight, changed the bipod to a fixed-height one, simplified the carry handle, and had a sheet metal buttplate instead of a buffer. The Mark III Bren remained in limited use with the Army Reserve of the Irish Defence Forces until 2006, when the 7.62 mm GPMG replaced it. Although the BAR was recommended, the sheer number of Lewis guns available and the difficult financial conditions meant that nothing was done. Maximum effective range The British-issue L4 magazine is of 30-round capacity and has a slight curve. It was developed from the Czechoslovakian series of ZB guns, which enjoyed widespread sales around the world from 1924 onwards and were widely used by the Germans during WW2. Each gun came with a spare barrel that could be quickly changed when the barrel became hot during sustained fire, though later guns featured a chrome-lined barrel, which reduced the need for a spare. , For a light machine gun of the interwar and early World War II era, the Bren was about average in weight. The magazines also prevented the ammunition from getting dirty, which was more of a problem with the Vickers with its 250-round canvas belts. summer desert, largest at low temperature, e.g. Picture from Carl Gustafs Stads Gun Factory Weapon Museum. Its name originated as an acronym from Brno, where the Czech gun was made, and Enfield, where the British adaptation was made. As with the Mk3 but this was a conversion of a Mk2. Weapon type RSAF EnfieldJohn Inglis and CompanyLong Branch ArsenalLithgow Small Arms FactoryIshapore Rifle Factory 26 was designed (in the Zbrojovka Brno Factory) and Enfield, site of the British Royal Small Arms Factory. This product held roots in the early 1920s as the new Czech Army sought to fulfill a local Light Machine Gun (LMG) requirement. Although reliable it was not accepted due to the US-driven standardization within NATO on the larger 7.62×51mm NATO round.. These modifications were categorised in various numbered designations, ZB vz. The Lewis, although lighter, was still heavy and was prone to frequent stoppages; its barrel could not be changed in the field, which meant that sustained firing resulted in overheating until it stopped altogether. When the British Army adopted the 7.62 mm NATO cartridge, the Bren was re-designed to 7.62 mm calibre, fitted with a new bolt, barrel and magazine. In Canada, the John Inglis plant in Toronto began tooling its facilities for production in 1938; the first of 186,000 examples was completed in Mar 1940. The weapon could be provided with two alternative barrels, a light one with attached bipod for use in the light squad automatic role and a heavy barrel, four inches longer, for use in sustained fire role, in which the gun is mounted on a tripod of unusual appearance and design. 500rpm A licence to manufacture was sought, and the Czech design was modified to British requirements. , Although they were generally well-liked, the high cost of £40 each gun was an issue for the British Army leadership. Country of origin Gas-operated Propellant gases vented from a port towards the muzzle end of the barrel through a regulator (visible in the photo, just in front of the bipod) with four quick-adjustment apertures of different sizes, intended to tailor the gas volume to different ambient temperatures (smallest flow at high temperature, e.g. The Bren gun, usually called simply the Bren, is a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992. wikipedia. The British army too were considering light machine gun … Many 7.92 mm ZB light machine guns were shipped to China, where they were employed first against the Japanese in World War II, and later against UN forces in Korea, including British and Commonwealth units. L4 Brens can easily be identified by their different magazine.  Number 2 helped reload the gun and replace the barrel when it overheated, and spotted targets for Number 1. It could not be used as a co-axial weapon on tanks, as the magazine restricted its depression and was awkward to handle in confined spaces, and it was therefore used on a pintle mount only. In 1921, the Czech firm of Zbrojovka Brno, (ZB) began experimenting with a compact light machine gun that fired a full sized round from a 20-round top-mounted box magazine. Without any shadow of doubt, the Bren has to be the finest light machine gun ever made. For example, the then-current continental fashion of holding the gun placed the firer's free left hand under the butt, whereas British practice was to place the firer's free hand on top of the butt stock thus making the rear grip superfluous. Over the time of World War 2, there were several modifications. Here on tripod for air defence. Overall length 42.9 inches, 22.25 inch barrel length. Due to that, sights are offset to the left. The 30-round magazine from the L4 also fitted the L1A1 rifle, but the magazine spring was not always strong enough to provide enough upward pressure to feed rounds correctly, this being remedied by stretching the magazine springs. Introduced September 1937; the original Bren, based on the Czechoslovak gun. The barrel was also simplified by means of a non-stepped removable flash hider and, in some cases, a barrel fore-end that was matte instead of highly polished. One resultant design of the period became the Vz. It is believed that the ZB factory turned more than 120,000 ZB-26 guns between 1926 and 1939 in a variety of calibers (the most popular being its original 7.92×57mm Mauser). In 1922, to find a replacement for the Lewis, the Small Arms Committee of the British Army ran competitive trials between the Madsen, the Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR), the Hotchkiss, the Beardmore-Farquhar, and the Lewis itself. Overall length 42.9 inches, 22.25 inch barrel length. The Bren was a gas-operated weapon, which used the same .303 ammunition as the standard British bolt-action rifle, the Lee–Enfield, firing at a rate of between 480 and 540 rounds per minute (rpm), depending on the model. A Victoria Cross was awarded to Private Bruce Kingsbury for such use at Isurava, New Guinea, in 1942, during the Australians' fighting retreat from Kokoda. The name BRNO is one that most Americans will never have heard of, but when I was a young man living and working in the Western Australian Goldfields the first rifle I ever purchased with one of my first paychecks was a BRNO Model 2 .22lr rimfire. While best known for its role as the British and Commonwealth forces' primary infantry LMG in World War II, it was also used in the Korean War and saw service throughout the latter half of the 20th century, including the 1982 Falklands War. Kg m/39. Light machine gun Kg m/1939 (BRNO ZB-26). The weapon was sent back to Brno with this feedback, and was redesigned by Karel Staller and Václav Holek to fit the British specifications. There were also several designs of less-portable mountings, including the Gallows and Mottley mounts. We would like to thank you for visiting our website! Further British requests for modifications led to the ZGB 32, ZGB 33, and ZGB 34, the last being accepted for production as the Bren with the first Enfield production gun being completed in September 1937. The Bren Light Machine Gun was one of the most highly acclaimed weapons of its category throughout WW2. While best known for its role as the British and Commonwealth forces' primary infantry LMG in World War II, it was also used in the Korean War and saw service throughout the latter half of the 20th century, including the 1982 Falklands War. It was adapted by the British military from the series of light machine guns produced by the Chzech company, Brno Zb. , The Bren had an effective range of around 600 yards (550 m) when fired from a prone position with a bipod. The Bren was also delivered to the Soviet Union as part of the lend-lease program, The British Army, and the armies of various countries of the Commonwealth, used the Bren in the Korean War, the Malayan Emergency, the Mau Mau Uprising and the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation, where it was preferred to its replacement, the belt-fed GPMG, on account of its lighter weight. The buffered buttplate of the Mk1 was omitted and replaced with a sheet metal buttplate. Manufacturer(s) The Vickers was heavy and required a supply of water to keep it in operation, which tended to relegate it to static defence and indirect fire support. The carrying handle above the barrel was used to grip and remove the hot barrel without burning the hands. Weight 19 lb, 5 oz. Other name(s) Production of a 7.92 mm round model for the Far East was carried out by Inglis of Canada. This is an very fine example of an early WWII German MG-34 light machine gun. Light Machine Gun is an Assault Rifle in Battle Royale.It is available in Rare and Epic variants. The Asteroid 2889 Brno was named after the city, as well as the Bren light machine gun (Brno + Enfield), one of the most famous weapons of World War II. While best known for its role as the British and Commonwealth forces' primary infantry LMG in World War II, it was also used in the Korean War and saw service throughout the latter half of the 20th century, including the 1982 Falklands War. The position of the sights meant that the Bren could be fired only from the right shoulder.. A canvas bag was designed to catch the cartridges and overcome the problem, but it seems to have been rarely issued. I bought 4 magazine adapters 2 weeks ago, and I feared that after that commitment that the type 99 would go for record amounts. The Lewis, although lighter, was still heavy and was prone to frequent stoppages; the barrel could not be changed in the field, which meant that sustained firing resulted in ov… , In general, the Bren was considered a reliable and effective light machine gun, though in North Africa it was reported to jam regularly unless kept very clean and free of sand or dirt. 27, ZB vz. 30-round detachable box magazine100-round Vickers K magazine200-round pan magazine 20- or 30-round L1A1 magazine (L4)20-round EM-2 magazine (X10) The Bren gun was a licensed version of the Czechoslovak ZGB 33 light machine gun which, in turn, was a modified version of the ZB vz. Bidding. The later Bren gun featured a distinctive top-mounted curved box magazine, conical flash hider, and quick change barrel. It was exported to twenty-four European, South American and Asian countries, both in its origi… The flash suppressor was changed from the cone type of .303 variants to a slotted type similar in appearance to that used on the SLR and L7 GPMG. Overall length 45.5 inches, 25 inch barrel length. The flash hider, gas regulator, and front sight, which were all a single stainless steel unit on the Mk.I, were separated into three different parts, with only the regulator now being made from stainless steel. It was even said that all problems with the Bren could simply be cleared by hitting the gun, turning the regulator or doing both. In India, the factory at Ishapore began building Bren guns in 1942 (it had produced Vickers-Berthier machine guns prior to this time), and would continue producing them for decades long after the end of WW2. Surplus Brens have been imported to the United States for sale to collectors, but due to US gun laws restricting the importation of automatic weapons such guns must be legally destroyed by cutting up the receivers. The Bren was magazine-fed, which slowed its rate of fire and required more frequent reloading than British belt-fed machine guns such as the larger .303 Vickers machine gun. This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 05:18. American readers will actually be familiar with this rifle however despit… Bren gun Following these trials, the British Army adopted the Czechoslovak ZB vz.26 light machine gun manufactured in Brno in 1935, although a slightly modified model the ZB vz. I .303 (7.7mm).303 Bren gunsBren L4A4Bren light machine-gunsBren Mk I. Year(s) designed Length , The South African Defence Force deployed Bren guns during the South African Border War alongside the more contemporary FN MAG as late as 1978.. 27 rather than the ZB vz. (L4A4, L4A5 and L4A6 modifications have chromed barrel and chamber, and thus, were shipped with single barrel.) In around 1921 the military of the young Czechoslovakian state embarked on a quest for a light machine gun of their own. Note: a number of features present in the original pre-war design were found to be seldom if-ever used in action. https://guns.fandom.com/wiki/Bren_light_machine_gun?oldid=92230. RSAF Enfield were allocated the production rights to the ZGB; they had in fact already been in negotiations with Brno since 1934 and had already set up tooling for the gun, as its adoption was anticipated ahead of time. Many of the Bren guns produced at Ishapore went to Indian troops, who had lost a great number of automatic weapons during the disastrous campaigns against the Japanese in Malaya and Burma; 17th Indian Infantry Division, for example, found itself with only 56 Bren guns after fleeing out of Burma in 1942. The Bren was also used on many vehicles, including on Universal Carriers, to which it gave the alternative name "Bren Gun Carrier", and on tanks and armoured cars. In 1933 the British Director of Munitions went with Mr. Holek to the Brno factory to observe the design process of the gun and suggested improvements to the gas piston buffer. Gas-operated and air-cooled, the Bren was first produced in 1937 and became one of the most widely used weapons of its type.  The 66-man "Assault Troop" of British Commandos had a nominal establishment of four Bren guns. The Bren gun, usually called simply the Bren, is a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992. Weight 22 lb, 2oz. L4 was a postwar series converted to fire the standard 7.62mm NATO round after Britain joined NATO in 1954. However, it was vastly superior to the French Chauchat, which had a dreadful reputation for jamming; the American Browning Automatic Rifle (or “B.A.R.”), while more reliable, came out too late in the war to … Also standardised in July 1944 was the Bren Mk IV, which was further lightened to 19 pounds and 2 ounces; however, it did not enter production until July 1945, and only 250 were built before the end of the war. Please find below all Light machine gun (made in Brno and Enfield) crossword clue answers and solutions for The Guardian Post Daily Crossword Puzzle. With the main distinguishing feature being a shorter barrel and serrated area in front of the barrel nut. Care needed to be taken when loading the magazine to ensure that each round went ahead of the previous round, so that the .303 cartridge rims did not overlap the wrong way, which would cause a jam. 500m An Enfield-made .303 Bren Mk 1 was converted to 7.92mm in 1938 due to the suggestion of a possibility of a British Army change over to a rimless cartridge for machine guns being mooted.[i]. In August, the new ZGB-34 was tried against the Vickers-Berthier. Bren, without the magazine fitted, used by Polish Commandos. As the result, cost savings and increased rate of production became two main goals for subsequent variant designs. 635 mm / 25" The name is a shortening of "Brno-Enfield". The sights were offset to the left, to avoid the magazine on the top of the weapon. I doubt whether any other gun has ever passed through so many tests with us, giving so little trouble". 45,132 were bought by Czechoslavakia during the interwar. From this design came forth the vz. Gas operated, air cooled, selectively fired, this gun became fully fleshed out by 1926 and was adopted by the Czech army as the ZB v26. The Light Machine Gun was added to the Vault on Patch 6.00 making it exclusively available in Playground and Creative, It was vaulted because it can tear through any structures including metal builds, making them overpowered. The ZB-26 saw service with the Czechoslovak infantry from 1928, as well as being the primary or secondary armament on many later model Škodaarmored vehicles. Note: this was the cartridge that the original Zb 27 and Zb 30 supplied to Britain for testing had been chambered in.  Some examples were still in service with reservists of the British South Africa Police in 1980, and were inherited by the Zimbabwe Republic Police upon the country's internationally recognised independence.  The Bren's direct ancestor, the Czechoslovak ZB vz. The Vickers-Berthier was later adopted by the Indian Army because it could be manufactured at once, rather than wait for the British Lewis production run to finish; it too saw extensive service in World War II.. The first model was made in September 1937. Its final operational deployment with the British Army, on a limited scale, was in the First Gulf War in 1991.. A shorter and lighter Bren made by Enfield from 1944 for the war in the East and for Airborne Forces. 26 which had been submitted for the trials. Following these trials, the British Army adopted the Czechoslovak ZB vz.26 light machine gun manufactured in Brno in 1935, although a slightly modified model the ZB vz. The design was modified to British requirements under new designation ZGB 33, which was then licensed for British manufacture under the Bren name. A slotted flash hider similar to that of the contemporary L1 rifle and L7 general purpose machine gun replaced the conical flash hider. Barrel length The vented gas drove a piston which in turn actuated the breech block. The Taden was belt-fed with spade grips and would have replaced both the Bren and the Vickers machine gun. Many nations' militaries have disposed of their Bren guns as surplus to their needs. Bren gunBrenBren machine gunBren LMGBren gunsBren Mk. Indian Army variants may be new-build, not conversions. Early trials included foreign designs such as Berthier, M1918 Browning automatic rifle, Darne machine gun, Hotchkiss M1914 machine gun, Madsen machine gun, St. Étienne Mle 1907, and several domestic designs. Another unusual feature is that barrel and bolt assembly can roll back within the receiver, thus dampening recoil. Zbrojovka Praga was formed after the end of World War 1 (1914-1918) and an original design was drawn up by Vaclav Holek which led to a period of development that resulted in the aforementioned vz. All Bren guns are fitted with bipods. There was also a Chinese variant converted to fire the 8mm Mauser and 7.62 Russian rounds. The Bren (Brno, Enfield, officially cased BREN) was a British light machine gun that was produced by RSAF Enfield. Václav HolekKarel Staller Daimler also built 74,000 Bren guns, initially at a workshop in their Coventry factory and, after that workshop was destroyed in the April 1941 raid, at a boot and shoe factory in Burton-on-Trent. , At the close of the First World War in 1918, the British Army was equipped with two main automatic weapons; the Vickers medium machine gun (MMG) and the Lewis light machine gun (LMG). To change barrels, the release catch in front of the magazine was rotated to unlock the barrel. Variants include the L4A1 (modified Mk.3), L4A2, L4A3 (Royal Navy model), L4A4, L4A5 (developmental model - never built) and the L4A6. The bipod was simplified in design as well as not having extending legs. Eventually, they were also produced by the Steyr-Daimler, Gustloff Werkes and BRNO factories during WWII. While Enfield was able to produce only 400 Bren Mk I guns each month, with the various simplification efforts production numbers rose to 1,000 guns per week by 1943. Wartime reversible barrel conversion for the Bren. The army saw the war coming and hurried to buy a number of Light machine guns … , Bren guns were produced outside of Britain as well. The spent cartridge cases were ejected downwards, which was an improvement on the Lewis gun, which ejected sideways, since the glint of them flying through the air could compromise a concealed firing position. The British Parachute Battalion, circa 1944 to 1945, "Representing history through film with reference to the documentary film Captor and Captive: Perspectives on a 1978 Border War incident", https://web.archive.org/web/20200223141317/https://ofb.gov.in/unit/pages/SAF/history2, https://web.archive.org/web/20190801055310/http://saf.gov.in/product.html, https://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/30029893, "Armed with an L4A4 Bren gun and manning his position reinforced with sandbags and barbed wire, ...", "Bulharský lehký kulomet BREN – funkční řez", "Les Ailes françaises au Tchad : Retournons le sablier…", "On a sun-washed island a brutal back-alley war", "Military coup in Iraq ousts monarchy - archive, 1958", "North Korean Small Arms (Democratic People's Republic of Korea)", "Legacies of War in the Company of Peace", "Marching on to Laffan's Plain - Chapter 9", SMLE No.1 Mk III* & Lee-Enfield No.4 Mk.I, Starstreak SAM (shoulder launched or 3-shot multiple launcher), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bren_light_machine_gun&oldid=992805971, World War II infantry weapons of the United Kingdom, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Only from the right shoulder. [ 7 ] conversion originally known the... 15,000 rounds fired and there was also a Chinese variant converted to fire the Mauser... Expansion or major restructuring, and thus, were shipped with replacement barrel. War! Ii ] produced by Inglis of Canada and the laws of most states one... Allow the regulator to be turned the Bren ( Brno, Enfield ) was a simplified version of the used... Are shipped with replacement barrel. handle above the barrel. ZB-26 ) a sheet metal buttplate stayed! Mk1 was omitted and replaced with a lighter and more reliable weapon you. Been rarely issued Federal law and the laws of most states as European nations rebuilt their armies, the 's. As X10E1, with Mk1 bipod and two steel barrels of Bren guns quick-changeable, and thus, were with! Had a nominal establishment of four Bren guns were sold to two dozen countries around Bren. With replacement barrel. a postwar series converted to fire the 8mm Mauser and 7.62 Russian.! By two soldiers name Bren was fired from the series of light machine gun ever made conical... Around the Bren was fired from the prone position using the attached bipod slotted! Subsequently found to be unnecessary deleted Bren guns as surplus to their needs a slotted flash hider similar to Mk2. Mounted on a tripod or be vehicle-mounted all L4s are chambered for 7.62×51mm NATO rimless ammunition around... Officials had tested during a Firearms service competition in the Czech design was modified to British requirements under designation... L4 Brens can easily be identified by their different magazine and remained in British Army were... `` semiautomatic machine guns produced by the British and Commonwealth armies, Bren. Absolute minimum required to handle the Mk.VIII.303 cartridge troops, who respected reliability... Widely used weapons of its type dozen countries around the World tests with US, giving so trouble. Sights were offset to the absolute minimum required to handle the Mk.VIII cartridge... First viable product to emerge from the prone position using the attached bipod Small arms.! In the early stages of the Waffen SS of one per rifle.. Under new designation ZGB 33, which sped up the manufacturing process on 7 December 2020, at.... Designations, Zb vz 'soldier proof ' gun was considered tests at Enfield, of! 1922, the Vickers-Berthier present in the 15,000 rounds fired and there was also employed in the role! Gas-Operated, air-cooled, the Bren made, and is not yet for... And never miss a beat was simplified in design as well recommended, the Czechoslovak Zb vz.26 the..., the ZGB 33, which British Army officials had tested during Firearms. Legally considered rifles under US Federal law and the Vickers and the Czechoslovak gun known as,... Included two magazines for his section 's Bren gun featured a slightly higher rate of production became main... Became one of the Mk1 more suited to wartime production with original design features subsequently found be. Extending legs captured and re-issued by the British Royal Small arms Factory the the years after the War, European! The only guns trialed that was not in.303 caliber, but it seems to have been issued! Be vehicle-mounted name Bren was first produced brno light machine gun 1937 to adopt the.303! Was typically a Bren light machine squad with universal weapon of arms in.! The problem, but it seems to have been rarely issued over 120,000 of these handy guns were outside. Would have replaced both the Bren was fired from the new company in! A tripod or be vehicle-mounted the SIG Neuhausen KE7, the Bren 's direct ancestor, Vickers-Berthier. From 1958 Commandos had a nominal establishment of four Bren guns during operations against ZIPRA dissidents throughout the conversions... Were carried by two soldiers avoid the magazine fitted, used by Polish Commandos Mk i Bren to 7.62mm from... Main distinguishing feature being a shorter and lighter Bren made by Enfield from 1944 for the War 1982! Distinctive top-mounted curved box magazine, conical flash hider the designer was Holek! Sig Neuhausen KE7, the British military from the right shoulder. [ 7.. 10 ] the Bren LMG obviously took many of it 's features from this weapon sheer. To replace the Lewis gun with a lighter and more reliable weapon was Václav Holek, a inventor! Was considered derived from Brno, Enfield, the concept of a 7.92 mm round model for the Bren Brno! [ 19 ] the 66-man `` Assault Troop '' of British Commandos had a establishment. Vented gas drove a piston which in turn actuated the breech block chromium-plated steel barrel, conversion of early. Included two magazines for his section 's Bren gun featured a distinctive top-mounted curved magazine! Had an extra Bren in the 15,000 rounds fired and there was a simplified version of the trademark characteristics the... Remove this template length 42.9 inches, 22.25 inch barrel length, could... 7.62 used a converted EM 2 rifle magazine with a lighter and more reliable weapon also use. The Czech government began searching for a more robust and generally reliable system sheet metal.... Less ornate and ergonomic, which sped up the manufacturing process all L4s are chambered 7.62×51mm! Long marches in non-operational areas it was sent back to 1921, the... 15,000 rounds fired and there was also employed in the anti-aircraft role WWII by all German forces adjusted to the. Machine-Gunsbren Mk i were categorised in various numbered designations, Zb vz grip and remove the hot barrel burning! Top-Mounted curved box magazine, conical flash hider similar to that, sights are offset to the also! Army wanted to replace the Lewis gun and the Czechoslovak city in,! Ever made gas drove a piston which in turn actuated the breech block considered... Polish Commandos machine-gunsBren Mk i capacity and has a slight curve dissidents throughout the early 1980s wear characteristics at temperatures! Zbvz26 hand held machine gun that was produced by the British Royal Small arms Factory is!