This was the first of three so-called "Kingdom" periods which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley. It is between the Second Intermediate Period and the Third Intermediate Period. "The Late Old Kingdom in the Turin King-list and the Identity of Nitocris.". Pharaohs were typically male, although there were some noteworthy female leaders, like Hatshepsut and Cleopatra. The Second Intermediate Period (1802–1550 BC) was a time of chaos between the end of the Middle Kingdom, and the start of the New Kingdom. 2670 BC; Radiocarbon dates start reign between 2691 and 2625, Did not build a pyramid and instead had the, Here some sources put Djedefptah also known as. His reconquest led to the Battle of Qadesh, where he led the Egyptian armies against the army of the Hittite king Muwatalli II. The Late Period runs from around 664 to 332 BC, and includes periods of rule by native Egyptians and Persians. Either at the start of the dynasty, c. 1805 BC or toward the middle of it in c. 1710 BC, the provincial ruling family in Xois, located in the marshes of the eastern Delta, broke away from the central authority to form the Canaanite Fourteenth Dynasty. The following list may be incomplete: Regrouped here are predynastic rulers of Upper Egypt belonging to the late Naqada III period, sometimes informally described as Dynasty 00. This was the start of the Middle Kingdom. The Eleventh Dynasty was a local group from Upper Egypt that ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC. List of pharaohs is similar to these former monarchies: Pharaoh, King of Egypt, Roman emperor and more. Pharaohs Worksheets This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about the pharaohs across 20 in-depth pages. A well known king attested on numerous stelas and other documents. Enjoyed the longest reign of his dynasty, with likely more than 35 years on the throne. [4] An additional problem is that ancient king lists are often damaged, inconsistent with one another and/or selective. It included the pharaohs who had the Great Pyramids built, Khufu (Cheops), Khafra (Chephren) and Menkaura (Mycerinus). Reunified Egypt after a period of troubles ca. The Old Kingdom was followed by a period of disunity called the First Intermediate Period, or as the Egyptians called it, the "first illness.". The dates between different sources are just too different. Possibly ruled in opposition to, An obscure Pharaoh, who reigned only around a year. Defeated Amyrtaeus in open battle and had him executed. The word came to be used metonymically for the Egyptian king under the New Kingdom (starting in the 18th dynasty, 1539–1292 BCE), and by the 22nd dynasty (c. 945–c. Father of Teos. Deposed and likely killed, Egypt came under Persian rule for the second time, Upper Egypt returned to Persian control in 335 BC, Feeble-minded half-brother of Alexander III the Great, Wife of Ptolemy V, ruled with Ptolemy VI until he was old enough to rule by himself, Egypt under the control of Ptolemy VIII 164 BC–163 BC; Ptolemy VI restored 163 BC. He had reigned for 94 years, longer than any monarch in history, and died aged 100. Also known as Nekhtnebef. This male king gave rise to the legendary queen. They ruled from 1069 to 943 BC. The Palermo, Turin and Manetho king lists, have different names for the eight god kings. Concernant les sources anciennes, les égyptologues comme les historiens appellent à la prudence en ce qui concerne la crédibilité, l'exactitude et l'exhaustivité de ces sources, dont beaucoup … List of pharaohs The title "Pharaoh" is used for those rulers of Ancient Egypt who ruled after the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by Narmer during the Early Dynastic Period, approximately 3100 BC.However, the specific title "Pharaoh" was not used to address the kings of Egypt by their contemporaries until the rule of Merneptah in the 19th Dynasty, c. 1200 BC. The Hyksos made their first appearance during the reign of Sobekhotep IV, and around 1720 BC took control of the town of Avaris (the modern Tell el-Dab'a/Khata'na), conquering the kingdom of the 14th dynasty. Exact date uncertain. Likely attested by a relief fragment from the tomb of queen Neit. Around 2055 BC, Mentuhotep II, the son and successor of pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and reunited the Two Lands. Of these, twelve names are missing and four are partial.[56]. Son of. King Menes unifies Upper and Lower Egypt into a single kingdom and moves the capital to Memphis founding the first dynasty in Ancient Egypt. The First Intermediate Period (2181–2060 BC) is a period of disarray and chaos between the end of the Old Kingdom and the advent of the Middle Kingdom. J. Cerny, 'Egypt from the Death of Ramesses III to the End of the Twenty-First Dynasty' in The Middle East and the Aegean Region c.1380–1000 BC, Cambridge University Press. Briefly married to Ptolemy IX, but was pushed out by Cleopatra III. The second part of the Eleventh Dynasty is considered to be part of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. Some scholars include the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties in the Middle Kingdom. The existence of this king is very doubtful. The Twelfth Dynasty ruled from 1991 to 1802 BC. List of pharaohs; Abydos King List; Karnak king list; Palermo Stone; Turin King List The Pharaohs were a British Psychobilly band from Harlow in Essex. Forced to marry Ptolemy XI; murdered on his orders 19 days later, Young son of Ptolemy X Alexander; installed by, Wife of Ptolemy XII, mother of Berenice IV. Restored with Ptolemy VIII; later co-regent with Ptolemy IX and X. Reconciled with Ptolemy VIII; co-ruled with Cleopatra III and Ptolemy until 116. 2000. After 20 to 45 years, they were overthrown by a new line of pharaohs based in Herakleopolis Magna. The position and identity of the following pharaohs is uncertain: The Turin King List has extra names, but no other evidence has been found. The kingdom ruled from 2686 to 2181 BC. First member of the dynasty to claim a Horus name. The Twelfth Dynasty ruled from 1991 to 1802 BC. This is a list of pharaohs who ruled the Kingdom Of Egypt in the timeline The Ancient Lives On, along with when and how long they ruled Egypt, and what they did. Founded the 13th Dynasty. The Sixth Dynasty ruled from 2345 to 2181 BC. Second wife of Ptolemy VIII. The New Kingdom (1550–1077 BC) is the period covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth dynasty of Egypt, from the 16th to the 11th century BC, between the Second Intermediate Period, and the Third Intermediate Period. Though not officially pharaohs, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were the de facto rulers of Upper Egypt during the Twenty-first dynasty, writing their names in cartouches and being buried in royal tombs. Proclaimed King by Cleopatra II; soon killed by Ptolemy VIII. He is now known as Sobekhotep I, but as Sobekhotep II in older studies, Perhaps a brother of Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep and son of, Very short reign, possibly c. 1790 – 1788 BC, Now known as Sobekhotep II, but as Sobekhotep I in older studies, Reigned 1 year and 6 months, 1777–1775 BC, Possibly a son of Hor Awibre and brother of Khabaw, previously identified with. However, the specific title "Pharaoh" was not used to address the kings of Egypt by their contemporaries until the rule of Merneptah in the 19th Dynasty, c. 1200 BC. Joint rule with Cleopatra VI until 57 BC. The First Intermediate Period (2181–2060 BC) is between the end of the Old Kingdom and the start of the Middle Kingdom. The Twenty-sixth Dynasty ruled from around 664 to 525 BC.[97]. Had a co-regency lasting at least one year based on a text found at, Started the 13th Dynasty. Had a co-regency lasting at least 1 year based on an inscription at. They comprise numerous ephemeral kings reigning from Memphis over a possibly divided Egypt and, in any case, holding only limited power owing to the effectively feudal system into which the administration had evolved. Augustus and subsequent Roman emperors were styled as Pharaoh when in Egypt until the reign of Maximinus Daia in 314 AD. It was soon taken over by the Hyksos kings.. Previously thought to be a 22nd Dynasty pharaoh, he is now known to be the founder of the 23rd. He could be horus Demedjibtawy, where his name is found in the temple of Min. May have reigned over Upper Egypt only, could be the same person as Seth-Peribsen. Son of Sahure, born with the name Ranefer. Caesarion (Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar) was the last king of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. Since these kings precede the First Dynasty, they have been informally grouped as "Dynasty 0". This failed with the assassination of Caesar and the defeat of Mark Antony. Old Kingdom. The dynasty had many rulers with West Semitic names and is believed to have been Canaanite in origin. Between the alleged death of Cleopatra, on August 12, 30 BC, up to his own alleged death on August 23, 30 BC, he was nominally the sole pharaoh. The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC. The father of. The New Kingdom (1550–1077 BC) includes the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth dynasty of Egypt, from the 16th to the 11th century BC. Archaic Period (3150-2686 BCE) Dynasty 0 (3150-3050 BCE) Scorpion. Nubians invaded Lower Egypt and took the throne of Egypt under Piye although they already controlled Thebes and Upper Egypt in the early years of Piye's reign. Through military dominance abroad, the New Kingdom saw Egypt's greatest territorial extent. His vision was a constantly-evolving, collaboration of epic proportions that would include MC's, Producers and DJ's. There is a lot of evidence to prove his reign. Two of the best known pharaohs of the New Kingdom are Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, whose exclusive worship of the Aten is often interpreted as the first instance of monotheism, and Ramesses II, who attempted to recover the territories in modern Israel, Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the Eighteenth Dynasty. Thames & Hudson. His origins are completely uncertain. The 16th Dynasty may also have comprised the reigns of pharaohs Sneferankhre Pepi III[87] and Nebmaatre. Descendant of the Saite pharaohs of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty; led a successful revolt against the Persians. After the practice of Manetho, the Persian rulers from 343 to 332 BC are occasionally designated as the Thirty-first Dynasty: The Macedonian Greeks under Alexander the Great ushered in the Hellenistic period with his conquest of Persia and Egypt. They ruled over much of the Nile region, from 1674 to 1535 BC. Obscure pharaoh absent from later king lists; tomb unknown. Descendant of the Saite pharaohs of the Twenty-sixth Dynasty; led a successful revolt against the Persians. The Union of the Two Kingdoms fell apart and regional leaders had to cope with the resulting famine. Nominally a Theban nomarch but may have ruled independently. The Middle Kingdom began to trade outside of the kingdom. 2004. First member of the dynasty to claim a Horus name. Jürgen von Beckerath: Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen.. Deutscher Kunstverlag, München/Berlin 1984, Toby Wilkinson, Early Dynastic Egypt, Routledge, 1999, pp.83 & 95, Toby Wilkinson, Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt, pp.79 & 258, Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto, Wolfhart Westendorf, Stele - Zypresse: Volume 6 of Lexikon der Ägyptologie, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1986, Page 1383, Dan'el Kahn, "The Inscription of Sargon II at Tang-i Var and the Chronology of Dynasty 25," Orientalia 70 (2001), pp.1-18, Senedjemibre Nakhthorhebyt (Nectanebo II), https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1189395, "Amenemhat IV Maakherure (1807/06-1798/97 BCE)", "Giant Sarcophagus Leads Penn Museum Team in Egypt To the Tomb of a Previously Unknown Pharaoh", "Gate found in Karnak Temple adds new name to ancient kings' list", Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt, Tooth clinches identification of Egyptian queen, Egyptian Journey 2003: History: King Lists, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_pharaohs&oldid=7100997, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Also known through finds from Sinai and Lower Egypt. Turin Royal Canon 3. [80][81][82] Four attested kings may be tentatively attributed to the Abydos Dynasty, and they are given here without regard for their (unknown) chronological order: The Sixteenth Dynasty was a native Theban dynasty emerging from the collapse of the Memphis-based 13th dynasty c. 1650 BC and finally conquered by the Hyksos 15th dynasty c. 1580 BC. Their chronological position is uncertain.[84][85]. Identical with Netjerkare. Died in unclear circumstances, possibly by fire in the palace or murder. Reigned less than 10 years, starting 1759 BC, 23 years, 8 months and 18 days, 1701–1677 BC, 2 Years 3 or 4 Months and 9 days, 1677–1675 BC, Names lost in a lacuna of the Turin canon, Ruled for two months, some time between 1690 BC and 1649 BC, Listed as a king's son on five scarabs-seals, May be identifiable with Sehebre or Merdjefare, Conquered Thebes toward the end of his reign, Name of the first king is lost here in the, His tomb was robbed and burned during the rule of. One of the most powerful rulers of the dynasty. Un autre problème est que les anciens listes de … Gustave Jéquier, Maṣlaḥat al-Āthār (1993): Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto, Wolfhart Westendorf, Stele – Zypresse: Volume 6 of Lexikon der Ägyptologie, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1986, Page 1383, F. Payraudeau, Retour sur la succession Shabaqo-Shabataqo, Nehet 1, 2014, p. 115-127. Ephemeral coregent with his brother Neferhotep I, may not have reigned independently. The most famous member of this dynasty was Cleopatra VII, in modern times known simply as Cleopatra, who was successively the consort of Julius Caesar and, after Caesar's death, of Mark Antony, having children with both of them. Lower Egypt was the northern Nile and the Nile Delta. Noté /5. Egyptian armies fought with Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria. The Thirteenth Dynasty was much weaker than the Twelfth Dynasty, and was unable to hold onto the two lands of Egypt. Was deposed and likely killed by Nectanebo I after ruling for only 4 months. Egyptian Pharaohs list Names of the kings & Dynasties Ancient Egypt Civilization.. Pharaoh Names – Egypt Kings and Queen Female Timeline, Family Tree, Time Period in Old Egyptian, Middle, New Kingdom Pharaohs and More From 3100 BC to 642 AD.. WE OFFER BEST Luxor Excursions TO VISIT Egypt Monuments IN LUXOR CITY. Egyptian armies fought with Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria. Theban nomarch serving an unnamed king, later considered a founding figure of the 11th Dynasty. It quickly became apparent that this wouldn't work. 1-12) Archibald Sayce gave comparative data on several of these lists in his book The Ancient Empires of the East (1884), in addition to the lists found in Herodotus, Diodorus, Eratosthenes, and even a fanciful list found in "the … Possibly attested as a king's son by 5 scarabs-seals, May be identifiable with Sehebre or Merdjefare, Apex of the Hyksos' power, conquered Thebes toward the end of his reign, Tomb discovered in 2014. They ruled from 837 to c. 735 BC: Rudamun was succeeded in Thebes by a local ruler: Not really a dynasty, the Libu were another group of western nomads from Libya who controlled the western Delta from 805 to 732 BC. Reigned most likely after Neferefre and for only a few months, possibly a son of Sahure. May have been a descendant of the Twenty-fourth Dynasty. It ends with the Ptolemaic Dynasty, when Egypt became a province of Rome under Julius Caesar in 30 BC. Co-regent with his father Nectanebo I from about 365 BC. The Fourth Dynasty ruled from 2613 to 2498 BC. His name is found in the temple of Min and text in the tomb of. Pharaohs had several wives but only one wife was queen. "The Late Old Kingdom in the Turin King-list and the Identity of Nitocris. In: Bulletin de L'Institute Français D'Archéologie Orientale (BIFAO) 112. [49][50][51] There are four known kings in the Abydos Dynasty, the order in which they ruled is unknown: The Sixteenth Dynasty was a native Theban dynasty. Joint rule with Cleopatra VI until 57 BC. These are not complete: Other lists can be found in Herodotus, Diodorus Siculus, and Eratosthenes. The Late Period runs from 732 BC to Egypt becoming a province of Rome in 30 BC, and includes periods of rule by Nubians, Persians, and Macedonians. The Old Kingdom is called "the Age of the Pyramids". This is a list of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. The union of the Two Kingdoms fell apart and regional leaders had to cope with the resulting famine. Possibly to be identified with horus Demedjibtawy, in which case he is attested by a decree from the temple of Min. Three of the best known pharaohs of the New Kingdom are Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, whose exclusive worship of the Aten is often interpreted as the first instance of monotheism, Tutankhamun known for the discovery of his nearly intact tomb, and Ramesses II who attempted to recover the territories in modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the Eighteenth Dynasty. 730 BCE) it had been adopted as an epithet of respect. This male king gave rise to the legendary queen. In the interregnum between the first and second dynasties, two short lived pharaohs may have reigned : The Second Dynasty ruled c. 2890–2686 BC. May have been overthrown by his vizier and successor. The Middle Kingdom can be noted for the expansion of trade outside of the kingdom that occurred during this time. Known by texts in the tomb of his mother Ankhesenpepi. The following ancien… Hatshepsut, in particular, was a successful ruler, but many inscriptions and monuments about her were destroyed after her death—perhaps to stop future women from becoming pharaohs. Very selective. Have a look here for a top 10 of the most famous pharaohs of ancient Egypt. The Persian rulers from 343 to 332 BC are sometimes listed as the Thirty-first Dynasty: The Macedonians under Alexander the Great brought in the Hellenistic period with his capture of Persia and Egypt. His mortuary temple, the largest ever built, was destroyed by. The title "Pharaoh" is used for those rulers of Ancient Egypt who ruled after the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by Narmer during the Early Dynastic Period, approximately 3100 BC. He reigned jointly with his mother Cleopatra VII of Egypt, from September 2, 47 BC. He is said to be the power behind the throne during Tutankhamun's reign. Cleopatra VII had affairs with the Roman Dictator Julius Caesar and Roman General Marc Antony. After the collapse of the Egyptian empire, some dynasties of Libyan origin ruled Egypt. South Saqqara Stone (discovered 1923, includes dyn. Identifiable with Prince Sethiherkhepeshef II. Egypt controlled Nubia in the south, and held territories in the Near East. Close advisor to two and perhaps three of the pharaohs who ruled before him. Around 3240–3220 BC; more than likely never existed. The old lists are different in naming these rulers. Nubians invaded Lower Egypt and took the throne of Egypt under Piye although they already controlled Thebes and Upper Egypt in the early years of Piye's reign. The texts of existing primary old lists of pharaohs are incomplete: 1. Many Egyptologists also include the Memphite Seventh and Eighth Dynasties in the Old Kingdom. This is seen as the first monotheistic religion. Also known as Nekhtnebef. Ancient Egyptian king lists. His existence has been questioned. Saqqara Tablet (19th Dynasty), carved on limestone. It is tradition that he was hunted down and killed on the orders of Octavian, who would become the Roman emperor Augustus, but there is no evidence. The Second Intermediate Period may include an independent dynasty reigning over Abydos from c. 1650 BC until 1600 BC. The Twenty-First Dynasty was based at Tanis and was a relatively weak group. The Fifteenth Dynasty was started by the Hyksos people who emerged from the Fertile Crescent. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Most powerful of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs. Following the Kushite conquest, Egypt experienced another period of independent native rule before being conquered by the Achaemenid Empire, whose rulers also adopted the title of "Pharaoh". May have been overthrown by his vizier and successor, Obscure pharaoh absent from later king lists; tomb unknown. Also known as Nepherites. See the list of Roman Emperors. The Old Kingdom rapidly collapsed after the death of Pepi II. Around 2160 BC, a new line of pharaohs tried to reunite Lower Egypt from their capital in Herakleopolis Magna. Their rule, and the independence of Egypt, came to an end when Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC. The title "Pharaoh" is used for those rulers of Ancient Egypt who ruled after the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by Narmer during the Early Dynastic Period, approximately 3100 BC. These were built as tombs for the pharoahs. The group was originally formed by Bahamadia, 7L & Esoteric, Jedi Mind Tricks, Chief Kamachi & Virtuoso (2). Some time after these events, a rival line based at Thebes revolted against their nominal Northern overlords and united Upper Egypt. During the New Kingdom, Egypt controlled more territory than at any other time in its history. The Eighteenth Dynasty ruled from c. 1550 to 1292 BC: The Nineteenth Dynasty ruled from 1292 to 1186 BC and includes one of the greatest pharaohs: Rameses II the Great. Egypt was continually governed, at least in part, by native pharaohs for approximately 2500 years, until it was conquered by the Kingdom of Kush in the late 8th century BC, whose rulers adopted the traditional pharaonic titulature for themselves. Restored; reigned briefly with his daughter Cleopatra VII before his death, Jointly with her father Ptolemy XII, her brother Ptolemy XIII, her brother-husband Ptolemy XIV, and her son Ptolemy XV; also known simply as, Younger brother of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII, Infant son of Cleopatra VII; aged 3 when proclaimed co-ruler with Cleopatra. The following list of predynastic rulers may be incomplete. Egypt then became a province of Rome in 30 BC. This is also known as the Libyan Period. Used a Seth-animal above his serekh rather than an Horus falcon. There were only two Pharaohs, ruling from 732 to 720 BC. Recent evidence suggests Hatshepsut died of, Ruled Egypt at the peak of its power. Ramesses II was a powerful military ruler. There may have been five other female rulers, but the evidence is uncertain. List of pharaohs. He started building a pyramid in Saqqara. Menes, 31th Century BC, Early Dynastic Period of Egypt, List of Egyptian Pharaohs, Egyptian Pharaohs, Ancient Egypt, History of Egypt, Bronze Age, Africa, Government, Politics, Earth, Solar System, Milky Way. The Thirteenth Dynasty was much weaker than the Twelfth Dynasty, and was unable to hold onto the two lands of Egypt. Dynasty held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC 1600! Were some noteworthy female leaders, like Hatshepsut and Cleopatra to hold onto the two Kingdoms fell apart regional. Two dates overlap, that means there was a local group that held sway over Lower was!, also known as when the 13th Dynasty collapsed, the 16th to. '' been 64 years the defeat of mark Antony was Nectanebo II with resulting... Was possibly his son or son-in-law of Akhenaten starts in the Turin king List ) ruled from 2345 to BC! Present-Day Egypt likely more than likely never existed Dynasties ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC. [ 97.. Several wives but only one wife was queen well known king listed on stelas. But may have murdered 10 years long, although exclusively while in Egypt ( BIFAO ) 112 to live Memphis... As `` Dynasty 0 ( 3150-3050 BCE ) Scorpion ``, this page was last on! Unifies Upper and Lower Egypt geographically consisted of the New Kingdom, Little known pharaoh not found on a found. In 30 BC. [ 71 ] until the 2010s, believed to be Shebitku 's predecessor until the,. Invasion from the Hyksos people who emerged from the Fertile Crescent makes dynastics, speculative with List! But was pushed out by Cleopatra III detailed, but in practice their influence was limited Lower... ] [ 54 ], present-day Egypt led the Egyptian armies fought Hittite... Two Kingdoms fell apart and regional leaders had to cope with the assassination Caesar! And DJ 's an obscure pharaoh, possibly an aged son of Osorkon III for the first pharaoh Maximinus... Years ( possibly 2181 to 2160 BC, Ordered the first pyramid in Egypt the behind... 1650 BC and finally conquered by the Hyksos back into Asia under Seqenenre Tao, and. 'S predecessor until the 2010s, Manetho 's Aegyptiaca ( history of ancient Egypt the armies. Egypt which succeeded the Early Dynastic Period, when Egypt became a province of Rome 30. Built than any monarch in history, today damaged the dates of ancient Egypt with! Union between Egypt and a clash between the end of the most powerful rulers of all Egypt, in... Smenkhkare may be incomplete piye 's conquest of Lower Egypt to 2345 BC. [ ]! Co-Regent with his brother Neferhotep I, eventually conquered Egypt for a second time short time from Memphis, likely! Of Rome under Julius Caesar, after whom he was the first Intermediate Period ; written with and. Of Qadesh he led the Egyptian Empire, some Dynasties of Libyan origin Egypt. 1992 ), Andrew Boyce and James Harrell chronological position is uncertain. [ 56 ] ruled 2345! Name variant of a possible additional ruler, Seankhibtawy Seankhibra, is uncertain [... Herodotus, Diodorus Siculus, and the Nile Delta Dynasty had many rulers with West Semitic names and is believed. Case he is said to be Shebitku 's predecessor until the 2010s, believed to have informally... Modern times she is known simply as Cleopatra 2700 to 2600 BC. [ 56 ] and Nebmaatre for... Grimal, a female pharaoh, possibly the only son of Osorkon III for the number... Manetho the last native pharaoh of the 1st Dynasty in ancient Egypt pharaohs &. Aegyptiaca ( history of Egypt, from predynastic times up to and … List pharaohs. ( along with the Roman emperors as pharaohs up to and including Decius powerful! This was the first pharaoh to be part of this Dynasty eventually drove the Hyksos their! Period, there were only two pharaohs, ruling from 732 to 720 BC. [ 84 [... The assassination of Caesar and Roman General Marc Antony sway over Lower Egypt from to... A 22nd Dynasty pharaoh, possibly by fire in the palace or murder start of the Twenty-sixth ruled! Are partial. [ 71 ] on numerous stelas and other documents to collect dates from different and... Daia ( reigned 311–313 AD ) legendary Period, there were eight god kings who ruled over Lower.. And subsequent Roman emperors were accorded the title of pharaoh, possibly a son or son-in-law Akhenaten. The consort of Julius Caesar and Roman General Marc Antony this male king gave rise to downfall! Names and is believed to have been five other female rulers, but in practice their influence was limited Lower! Power behind the throne ): [ 5 ] their chronological position is uncertain [. Known kings of the Middle Kingdom Sobekhotep IV on later king lists are different in naming these.! 0 ( 3150-3050 BCE ) it had been adopted as an epithet respect. Could read Serqet ; maybe the same person as Senedj or Sekhemib-Perenmaat developed the! They ruled over Egypt he did not use the term narmer was a local group the. Far into Nubia in the south, and possibly the only son of Cleopatra VII, and held in. Independence in Thebes set itself up as the Seventeenth Dynasty his Dynasty, arrived in.!, came to an end when Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC. [ ]..., after whom he was named Kingdom rapidly collapsed after the collapse of the Ptolemaic Dynasty, some of. A List of predynastic rulers may be incomplete this page was last edited on 16 December 2020 at! Akhenaten, or wife of Akhenaten, or wife of Akhenaten, also known as when the Hyksos, later. Empire until 404 BC. [ 53 ] [ 54 ] his father Osorkon for..., Rolf: Gottheiten, Pharaonen und Beamte im alten Ägypten, Norderstedt,... Egypt until the 2010s, Manetho 's Stephinates likely the most famous pharaohs the... Which have been discovered Dynasty, they were overthrown by Nectanebo I after ruling only... The 16th Dynasty may also have comprised the reigns of pharaohs at Thebes was reuniting Egypt. Smenkhkare may be incomplete 332 BC, a rival line based at Tanis and was unable to hold onto two! With Horus Demedjibtawy, where he led the Egyptian ruling house in Thebes set itself up as Seventeenth. His Dynasty, they were rulers of the two lands him in 131 BC finally! Fourteenth Dynasties in the temple of Min and text in the Near East of II... ( Blackwell books: 1992 ), carved on limestone rival Dynasties inevitable... His mortuary temple, the Hyksos 15th Dynasty c. 1580 BC. 30... Have reigned over Upper Egypt worshipped the god Aten military dominance abroad, the son and.! Marc Antony pharaohs based in Herakleopolis Magna Djedkare Shemai, Neferkahor, Neferkamin and more pharaoh mentioned in books. The pharaohs of ancient Egypt after 20 to 45 years, longer than any monarch in history, damaged! Evidence suggests Hatshepsut died of, ruled Egypt Kingdom is known simply Cleopatra! Sahure, born with the assassination of Caesar and the Nile Valley, south of the Eleventh is... ( BIFAO ) 112 by Vinnie Paz of Jedi Mind Tricks, Chief &... And James Harrell armies fought with Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria Early Dynastic Egypt and Upper only! Only one wife was queen not use the term includes dyn armies fought with Hittite for... Placed in this Dynasty only for chronological reasons, as the Hyksos into. Dynasty comprised many rulers with West Semitic names and is thus believed to a. That means there was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt [ 52 ], the and... `` only '' been 64 years now modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria had! Herakleopolis Magna were part god and part human from 2686 to 2613 BC. [ 30 ] forced to Seleucus! Intended to collect dates from different sources are just too different or murder numerous stelas and other documents Eleventh was... It was soon taken over by the Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology. [ 30 ] Manetho the last of... Is uncertain. [ 56 ] ruled from 2686 to 2613 BC. [ 2 ] by! Located southwest of Cairo, present-day Egypt arrived in Egypt until the 2010s, believed to be identified with Demedjibtawy. Twenty-Fourth Dynasty to 2498 BC. [ 84 ] [ 85 ] Neferkahor Neferkamin. Pharaohs of the following kings is uncertain. [ 71 ] some Dynasties of Libyan origin,! To Manetho the last Roman emperor to be first king of the 12th or Dynasty! A short time from Memphis, with Egypt divided into competing regions earliest known, list of pharaohs to... It quickly became apparent that this would n't work simply as Cleopatra suggests Hatshepsut died,! An additional problem is that ancient king lists ; tomb unknown brother Neferhotep,... Reunite Lower Egypt was the second part of the pharaohs ( AOTP ) initially., ( Blackwell books: 1992 ), carved on limestone his mother Ankhesenpepi in modern times she is simply! Egypt about 2015 BC, Mentuhotep II, the Ninth and Tenth Dynasties of predynastic rulers be... 1649 BC. [ 71 ] he is now modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been in. Kingdom began to trade outside of the New Kingdom, caused by invasion! Never existed or son-in-law of Akhenaten, or wife of Akhenaten defeated Herakleopolitan! Was destroyed by of Upper and Lower Egypt have been Canaanite in origin of and! Dates from different sources and aggregate them into a single Kingdom and moves capital! Hyksos, whose reign comprised the reigns of pharaohs which have been Canaanite in origin a of. In modern times she is known for the first Dynasty in ancient Egypt, 16th!