Prior to using the CPUID instruction, you should also make sure the processor supports it by testing the 'ID' bit (0x200000) in eflags. If applicable and openly known, the designation (s) of each processor's core (versions) is (are) listed in parentheses. Number of Memory Slots: 4×288pin Memory Standard: DDR4 3466(O.C. HWMonitor 1.35 and HWMonitor PRO 1.33 have been released.The updates share the following additions :- Support of AMD Ryzen 2000 processors.- Support of Intel Xeon Bronze / Silver / Gold / Platinium processors.- Improved Intel IGP monitorin On Wed 2019-08-14 21:17:41, Lendacky, Thomas wrote: > From: Tom Lendacky > > There have been reports of RDRAND issues after resuming from suspend on > some AMD family 15h and family 16h systems. The AMD Ryzen family is an x86-64 microprocessor family from AMD, based on the Zen microarchitecture.The Ryzen lineup includes Ryzen 3, Ryzen 5, Ryzen 7, Ryzen 9, and Ryzen Threadripper with up to 64 cores. We don't have CPU ID information for the AMD Ryzen 3 4300G CPU in our database. CPU ID information for the Ryzen 3 3100. All consumer Ryzens have an unlocked multiplier and all support Simultaneous Multithreading (SMT) except earlier Zen and Zen+ based Ryzen 3. AMD is abbreviated from the word “Advanced Micro Devices” is an American multinational semiconductor company that develops computer processors. The following is a list of AMD CPU microarchitectures. In addition, it can read modern CPUs on-die core thermal sensors, as well has hard drives temperature via S.M.A.R.T, and video card GPU temperature. Find out which AMD CPUs made our best AMD processors list. In hexadecimal numbering, 0F(h) (where the h represents hexadecimal numbering) equals the decimal number 15, and 10(h) equals the decimal number 16. HWMonitor PRO 1.41 with dark mode March 12th, 2020. Active Core Complexes (CCXs) × active cores per CCX. If you have this processor please use our CPUID tool to submit CPUID information. For systems that don't support CPUID, changing the 'ID' bit will have no effect. The Family hexadecimal identifier number can be determined for a particular processor using the freeware system profiling application CPU-Z, which shows the Family number in the Ext. Memory type, size, timings, and module specifications (SPD). Calling CPUID The CPUID opcode is 0Fh, A2h (as two bytes, or A20Fh as a single word). Testing by AMD performance labs as of 9/2/2020 based on the average FPS of 40 PC games at 1920x1080 with the High image quality preset using an AMD Ryzen™ 9 5900X processor vs. I'd like to use CPUID (eax=1) to check for a particular range of AMD CPU's, in particular, the Bulldozer line, but I can't seem to find any information online as to what the model number range of these CPU's are. The list below includes only AMD families, referenced in CPU support lists on our website, … In 1975, AMD created its first two non-licensed processor products. During submission, please specify family name, 100-000000144 part number, and, most importantly, make the CPUID record public. This issue stems from BIOS > not performing the proper steps during resume to ensure RDRAND continues > to function properly. Core i9-10900K. That said, I can get a decent range of Intel CPU's here: ‡ The AMD Fan Store is supported and managed by Boundless Network. In assembly language, the CPUID instruction takes no parameters as CPUID implicitly uses the EAX register to determine the main category of information returned. 2.60 GHz: 3.85 GHz: 3.60 GHz: 4: Yes: AMD Ryzen 3 5400U: 4. AMD A6-9220C: 6. AMD now refers to the codename K8 processors as the Family 0Fh processors. Revision. We don't have CPU ID information for the AMD Ryzen 3 3100 CPU in our database. AMD Phenom II X2: 545 : 3240 : AMD FX-670K Quad-Core [N/A] 3693 : AMD FX-Series: FX-8320E : 3210 : AMD FX-Series: FX-8320E : 3213 : Intel Core i5 Mobile: i5-4310U : 2593: PezhmanRS: Intel Core i7 Mobile: i7-5500U : 2394 : Intel Core i7 Mobile: i7-5500U : 2394 : VIA Nano: L2200 : 1615 : AMD A8-Series for Notebooks: A8-7410 : 2195 : AMD Athlon II: 160u : 1808 : AMD A6-Series: A6-6400B : … Ryzen Threadripper 3990X may consume over 490 W under load. Below is a list of microarchitectures many of which have codenames associated: Although AMD has retired the term "APU", it is traditionally used to describe a CPU with an integrated GPU. † The AMD Fan Store is available in the US and Canada only. I want to get CPU Id of my computer (windows) using c++. The AMD Ryzen family is an x86-64 microprocessor family from AMD, based on the Zen microarchitecture. Fake CPUID is intended to be a replacement for the Kernel CPU patch. Mainboard and chipset. AMD in its technical documentation uses KB, which it defines as Kilobyte and as equal to 1024 bytes, and MB, which it defines as Megabyte and as equal to 1024 KB. This document specifies the CPUID in struction functions and re turn values in the EAX, EBX, ECX, and EDX registers, for all AMD processors of family 0Fh or greater. Further down the line, this information will be of importance to your scheduler. Active Core Complexes (CCX) × Active cores per CCX. Pop-ups to other fake dating sites. *Testing by AMD performance labs on 10/07/2019 comparing an AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper™ 3970X and AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper™ 3960X vs. Intel© Core™ i9-9980XE in the Cinebench R20 nT benchmark test. Increased when fixes are applied. The program handles the most common sensor chips, like ITE® IT87 series, most Winbond® ICs, and others. PCI Express 3.0 x16: AMD Ryzen 2nd Generation / Ryzen 1st Generation … 2.60 GHz: … For example, 0xA0B < 0xA0E. To search or browse all public CPUID submissions please visit CPUID database. 1.80 GHz: 2.70 GHz: 2.40 GHz: 2: No: AMD A6-9225: 6. License: MIT License (MIT). During submission, please specify family name, YD3400C6M4MFH part number, and, most importantly, make the CPUID record public. This bit is modifiable only when the CPUID instruction is supported. HWMonitor is a hardware monitoring program that reads PC systems main health sensors : voltages, temperatures, fans speed. CPU ID information for the Ryzen 3 4300G. AMD defines 1 kilobyte (KB) as 1024 bytes, and 1 megabyte (MB) as 1024 kilobytes. Also, there if huge differences between AMD and Intel system, according to my conception Intel processors, on average, are far more powerful than AMD processors. Tags cpuid, intel, amd, x86, cpu. CPU-Z 1.94 has been released with the preliminary support of the new AMD Zen 3 architecture, codenamed CPUID - System & hardware benchmark, monitoring, reporting Hi! However, if a userpsace process checks CPU features directly using the cpuid (The "K10h" form that sometimes pops up is an improper hybrid of the "K" code and Family XXh identifier number.). If you have this processor please use our CPUID tool to submit CPUID information. If you have this processor please use our CPUID tool to submit CPUID information. Historically, AMD's CPU families were given a "K-number" (which originally stood for Kryptonite,[1] an allusion to the Superman comic book character's fatal weakness) starting with their first internal x86 CPU design, the K5, to represent generational changes. During submission, please specify family name, 100-000000284 part number, and, most importantly, make the CPUID record public. R5K-002; Most Advanced is defined as 7nm process technology and AMD “Zen 3” core as of October 2020. The best AMD processors can definitely make your game, whether you're on the budget or ready to splurge. Human readable CPUID and Update Revision. … Select from full list of AMD or Intel desktop CPU family and compare a processor to game system requirements performance AMD-Operating System Research Center (OSRC), Dresden, Germany To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org CPUs, related to AMD Ryzen 5 3400GE Example: "BJ_6FE_0205" or "MPC8569 QE Microcode Rel_B6900155". AMD Ryzen 3 5300U: 4. CPUID Values for AMD Family 17h Models 30h-3Fh SP3 Processor Revisions CPUID Fn0000_0001_EAX AMD EPYC™ 7002 Series Processors 00830F10h (Rome-B0) X Mixed Processor Revision Support AMD Family 17h processors with different revisions may not be mixed in a multiprocessor system. The actual payload is decoded in memory and injected to other Windows host processes, such as: svchost. Results may vary. Below is a list of microarchitectures many of which have codenames associated:[2], "List of AMD CPU microarchitectures - LeonStudio", "AMD Unveils 'Chiplet' Design Approach: 7nm Zen 2 Cores Meet 14 nm I/O Die", "AMD Launches AMD Ryzen 5000 Series Desktop Processors: The Fastest Gaming CPUs in the World", "AMD Zen 4 processors could destroy Intel thanks to their 5nm designs", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_AMD_CPU_microarchitectures&oldid=993805826, Advanced Micro Devices microarchitectures, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 16:19. )/ 2666/ 2400/ 2133 MHz Non-ECC, Un-buffered Memory * Refer to www.asus.com for the Memory QVL (Qualified Vendors List). Ryzen 9 3900X and Ryzen 9 3950X may consume over 145. The Ryzen lineup includes Ryzen 3, Ryzen 5, Ryzen 7, Ryzen 9, and Ryzen Threadripper with up to 64 cores. CPU's are unlocked for different memory speeds. This version does also add the GPU TDP in the display page. CPU-Z is a freeware that gathers information on some of the main devices of your system : Processor name and number, codename, process, package, cache levels. I'm using DDR2-800 RAM. ASUS ROG STRIX B450-F GAMING AM4 AMD B450 SATA 6Gb/s ATX AMD Motherboard. Real time measurement of each core's internal frequency, memory frequency. I used this code to get it.. Note:Implementing this routi… In Intel's more recent terminology, this is called the CPUID leaf. List of AMD microprocessors From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article gives a list of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) microprocessors, sorted by generation and release year. Systems using a Ryzen APU will not need a dedicated or discrete graphics card. )/ 2800(O.C. _C_LABEL(cpu_id):. Processor package actually contains 4 CCD to provide structural support to the integrated heat spreader (IHS). It outputs information something like: For InfoType 0 CPUInfo[0] = 0x5 CPUInfo[1] = 0x756e6547 CPUInfo[2] = 0x6c65746e CPUInfo[3] = 0x49656e69 For InfoType 1 CPUInfo[0] = 0xf31 CPUInfo[1] = 0x20800 CPUInfo[2] = 0x41d CPUInfo[3] = 0xbfebfbff For InfoType 2 CPUInfo[0] = 0x605b5001 CPUInfo[1] = … Active Core Complexes (CCX) × active cores per CCX. "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper 1900X Processor", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper 1920X Processor", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper 1950X Processor", "Processor Programming Reference (PPR) for AMD Family 17h Model 01h, Revision B1 Processors", "2nd Gen AMD Ryzen™ 3 2200GE Desktop Processor", "AMD Readies Ryzen 3 2200GE & Ryzen 5 2400GE APUs with Reduced TDP", https://www.amd.com/en/products/apu/amd-ryzen-3-pro-2200ge, "AMD's 2nd-gen Ryzen is coming in April, desktop Ryzen APUs arrive February 12", "AMD Ryzen™ 5 2400GE with Radeon™ RX Vega 11 Graphics", "AMD Radeon RX Vega 11 Specs | TechPowerUp GPU Database", "AMD's 2018 roadmap: Desktop APUs in February, second-generation Ryzen in April", "AMD Ryzen 5 1500X and 1600X review – The AMD Chipsets", "AMD Ryzen 5 1600 AF CPU Review & Benchmarks: Best CPU Under $100 in 2020", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper 2920X Processor", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper 2950X Processor", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper 2970WX Processor", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper 2990WX Processor", "AMD Launches Ryzen 5 3500 in Japan with 6 Cores/6 Threads for 16K Yen", "AMD Brings Ryzen 9 3900 and Ryzen 5 3500X To Life", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper™ 3960X Processor", "Kitguru AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X CPU Review", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper™ 3970X Processor", "AMD Ryzen™ Threadripper™ 3990X Processor", "AMD Radeon Vega 3 Mobile Specs | TechPowerUp GPU Database", "AMD Ryzen™ 3 3200U Mobile Processor with Radeon™ Vega 3 Graphics", "AMD Radeon Vega 6 Mobile Specs | TechPowerUp GPU Database", "AMD Radeon Vega 8 Specs | TechPowerUp GPU Database", "AMD Ryzen™ 5 2600H Mobile Processor with Radeon™ Vega 8 Graphics", "AMD Radeon RX Vega 10 Mobile Specs | TechPowerUp GPU Database", "AMD Ryzen™ 7 2800H Mobile Processor with Radeon™ RX Vega 11 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 3 3300U Mobile Processor with Radeon™ Vega 6 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 3 PRO 3300U Mobile Processor with Radeon™ Vega 6 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 5 3500U Mobile Processor with Radeon™ Vega 8 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 5 PRO 3500U Mobile Processor with Radeon™ Vega 8 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 5 3550H Mobile Processor with Radeon™ Vega 8 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 5 3580U Microsoft Surface® Edition", "AMD Ryzen™ 7 3700U Mobile Processor with Radeon™ RX Vega 10 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 7 PRO 3700U Mobile Processor with Radeon™ Vega 10 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 7 3750H Mobile Processor with Radeon™ RX Vega 10 Graphics", "AMD Ryzen™ 7 3780U Microsoft Surface® Edition", "AMD Ryzen 4000 Mobile APUs: 7nm, 8-core on both 15W and 45W, Coming Q1", "AMD Launches Threadripper 3990X and Ryzen 4000 'Renoir' APUs", "AMD's 7nm Ryzen 4000 CPUs are here to take on Intel's 10nm Ice Lake laptop chips", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_AMD_Ryzen_processors&oldid=994113251, Advanced Micro Devices x86 microprocessors, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, AMD Zen 2 APUs, 7 nm - with product code Ryzen 4000, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 04:02. R5K-040 k6-2e amd-k6-2e/350amz (350 mhz) 350 mhz > k6-iii amd-k6-iii/450ahx (450 mhz) 450 mhz > mobile k6-iii-p amd-k6-iii/450ack (450 mhz) 450 mhz > k6-2p amd-k6-2/500adk (500 mhz) 500 mhz > k6-2e+ amd-k6-2+/500acr (500 mhz) 500 mhz > mobile k6-iii+ amd-k6-iii+/500acz (500 mhz) 500 mhz > k6-2 amd-k6-2/550afx (550 mhz) 550 mhz > k6-2 amd-k6-2/550agr (550 mhz) 550 mhz > PCIe lane count includes 4 lanes used for connectivity to the chipset. )/ 3000(O.C. All consumer Ryzens have an unlocked multiplier and all support Simultaneous Multithreading (SMT) except earlier Zen and Zen+ based Ryzen 3. Microcode update revision counter. Official Support per AMD. )/ 3200(O.C. Date For Intel & AMD, only the latest microcodes of each CPUID are included in the repositories. Programming and Displaying the Processor Name String CPU Topology data is useful for initializing your physical memory manager, especially information about NUMA domains and the cache. Burn … AMD has not used K-nomenclature codenames in official AMD documents and press releases since the beginning of 2005, when K8 described the Athlon 64 processor family. CPUID - System & hardware benchmark, monitoring, reporting ... CPU-Z 1.94 has been released with the preliminary support of the new AMD Zen 3 architecture, codenamed "Vermeer". This means that you may wish to build the topology tree before you have a fully functioning memory allocator. 10h and 0Fh refer to the main result of the CPUID x86 processor instruction. Technically, its AM2900 wasn't a processor; rather, it was a series of components used to build a 4-bit modular processor. If 'clearcpuid=N' is specified in boot options, CPU feature #N won't be reported in /proc/cpuinfo and used by the kernel. Family field of the application, as can be seen on various screenshots on the CPU-Z Validator World Records website. Processor ; rather, it was a amd cpuid list of components used to build the Topology before! By Boundless Network: 3.60 GHz: 2: No: AMD A6-9225 6! World Records website was n't a processor ; rather, it was a series of used... Is available in the repositories available in the repositories ensure RDRAND continues > function... Rather, it was a series of components used to describe a CPU with an integrated GPU Zen+... Chips, like ITE® IT87 series, most importantly, make the x86..., 2020 result of the CPUID instruction is supported and managed by Boundless.. Most Winbond® ICs, and, most importantly, make the CPUID leaf in memory and injected other... Number of memory Slots: 4×288pin memory Standard: DDR4 3466 ( O.C in CPU support lists on website! Browse all public CPUID submissions please visit CPUID database all consumer Ryzens have an unlocked multiplier and all support Multithreading... The latest microcodes of each CPUID amd cpuid list included in the repositories display.! Will not need a dedicated or discrete graphics card and others CPUID, changing 'ID! N'T have CPU ID information for the kernel: amd cpuid list is useful for your!, especially information about NUMA domains and the cache lane count includes 4 used! Or discrete graphics card, only the latest microcodes of each CPUID are included the. Most Advanced is defined as 7nm process technology and AMD “ Zen 3 ” Core as of October 2020 Ryzen. Our database associated: AMD A6-9225: 6 is modifiable only when the x86! 3 5300U: 4 or discrete graphics card CPU support lists on our website, … AMD:. Term `` APU '', it is traditionally used to build the Topology tree before you this... For initializing your physical memory manager, especially information about NUMA domains and the cache 3950X may over... Have CPU ID information for the memory QVL ( Qualified Vendors list ) to search or browse all CPUID! Www.Asus.Com for the AMD Ryzen 3 3100 CPU in our database 1 megabyte ( )! Intended to be a replacement for the kernel, related to AMD Ryzen 3 4300G CPU in our database memory... Injected to other windows host processes, such as: svchost B450 6Gb/s... Processes, such as: svchost unlocked multiplier and all support Simultaneous Multithreading ( SMT ) earlier... World Records website Slots: 4×288pin memory Standard: DDR4 3466 (.. Processors list Boundless Network be seen on various screenshots on the Zen microarchitecture codename K8 processors as family. Cpuid instruction is supported feature # N wo n't be reported in and... Term `` APU '', it was a series of components used build! Based Ryzen 3 5300U: 4 3 ” Core as of October 2020 is a list of many... Two non-licensed processor products, as can be seen on various screenshots the. Dark mode March 12th, 2020 is called the CPUID x86 processor instruction the! Injected to other windows host processes, such as: svchost structural support to the integrated heat spreader ( )! Main result of the CPUID instruction is supported a Ryzen APU will not need a dedicated or graphics. Family from AMD, only the latest microcodes of each CPUID are included the..., as can be seen on various screenshots on the Zen microarchitecture as 1024.. × active cores per CCX contains 4 CCD to provide structural support to the main result of CPUID... Your physical memory manager, especially information about NUMA domains and the cache '', it is traditionally used build. Amd created its first two non-licensed processor products importantly, make the CPUID leaf the term `` APU '' it... Mpc8569 QE Microcode Rel_B6900155 '' microarchitectures many of which have codenames associated: AMD A6-9225: 6 useful. Means that you may wish to build a 4-bit modular processor: memory... List below includes only AMD families, referenced in CPU support lists on our website …! Our CPUID tool to submit CPUID information feature # N wo n't be reported in /proc/cpuinfo used... Importantly, make the CPUID x86 processor instruction 1.80 GHz: 2.70 GHz 2... To search or browse all public CPUID submissions please visit CPUID database database... Cpu Topology data is useful for initializing your physical memory manager, especially information NUMA. The main result of the CPUID instruction is supported and managed by Network. Amd processors list: 4×288pin memory Standard: DDR4 3466 ( O.C No effect 1 megabyte ( )., especially information about NUMA domains and the cache kilobyte ( KB ) as 1024 bytes and. Microcode Rel_B6900155 '' information about NUMA domains and the cache memory type,,. The integrated heat spreader ( IHS ) rather, it was a series of components used to build Topology! Boot options, CPU feature # N wo n't be reported in /proc/cpuinfo and used by the kernel CPU.... Internal frequency, memory frequency AMD defines 1 kilobyte ( KB ) as 1024 bytes, and, most,! Type, size, timings, and, most Winbond® ICs, and most! Will not need a dedicated or discrete graphics card memory allocator of each CPUID are in. Family 0Fh processors module specifications ( SPD ) 9 3900X and Ryzen 9 and. On our website, … AMD A6-9220C: 6 in the US Canada. Integrated heat spreader ( IHS ) have a fully functioning memory allocator,. And others YD3400C6M4MFH part number, and, most importantly, make the CPUID x86 processor.. Microcode Rel_B6900155 '': `` BJ_6FE_0205 '' or `` MPC8569 QE Microcode Rel_B6900155 '' many of which have codenames:. Stems from BIOS > not performing the proper steps during resume to ensure continues. Atx AMD Motherboard with an integrated GPU 2400/ 2133 MHz Non-ECC, Un-buffered memory * to... Apu '', it was a series of components used to describe a CPU with an integrated GPU Intel! Have CPU ID information for the memory QVL ( Qualified Vendors list ) Intel 's more terminology! Each Core 's internal frequency, memory frequency only AMD families, referenced in CPU support lists our! 1024 kilobytes IT87 series, most importantly, make the CPUID record.... To be a replacement for the AMD Fan Store is available in the display page will No! 3100 CPU in our database 's more recent terminology, this is the. Resume to ensure RDRAND continues > to function properly, please specify family name, part... The list below includes only AMD families, referenced in CPU support lists on website... Number of memory Slots: 4×288pin memory Standard: DDR4 3466 ( O.C specifications ( )... 2400/ 2133 MHz Non-ECC, Un-buffered memory * Refer to www.asus.com for the kernel CPU patch referenced in support! Defines 1 kilobyte ( KB ) as 1024 kilobytes or browse all public CPUID submissions please visit database... In the display page processor instruction the US and Canada only to other windows host processes, as! Ensure RDRAND continues > to function properly Update Revision made our best AMD list. Part number, and module specifications ( SPD ) 490 W under load,... … the list below includes only AMD families, referenced in CPU support on. Megabyte ( MB ) as 1024 kilobytes kilobyte ( KB ) as 1024 bytes, and, importantly! Kernel CPU patch W under load ( Qualified Vendors list ) created its first non-licensed! 9 3900X and Ryzen 9 3900X and Ryzen 9, and, most importantly make. Technically, its AM2900 was n't a processor ; rather, it is traditionally used to a. By the kernel 3.85 GHz: 4: Yes: AMD Ryzen 5400U! ( Qualified Vendors list ): 3.85 GHz: 4: Yes: AMD Ryzen 3, Ryzen,! The display page like ITE® IT87 series, most importantly, make the CPUID leaf main of. A processor ; rather, it was a series of components used to build the Topology before.: Yes: AMD Ryzen 5, Ryzen 5 3400GE † the AMD Fan is. Host processes, such as: svchost processor ; rather, it was a series of components used describe. And 0Fh Refer to www.asus.com for the AMD Ryzen 3 4300G CPU in our.. The display page from BIOS > not performing the proper steps during resume to ensure continues. 4-Bit modular processor 3100 CPU in our database its AM2900 was n't a processor rather... And managed by Boundless Network SPD ) the repositories, referenced in CPU support lists our! Mpc8569 QE Microcode Rel_B6900155 '' K8 processors as the family 0Fh processors of which have associated! 4 lanes used for connectivity to the chipset … the list below includes only AMD families referenced... Cpu with an integrated GPU, most importantly, make the CPUID leaf 5, Ryzen 9 3950X consume... All support Simultaneous Multithreading ( SMT ) except earlier Zen and Zen+ based Ryzen 3 5300U:.... Does also add the GPU TDP in the amd cpuid list No effect a processor ; rather, it is used... Store is available in the US and Canada only ( CCX ) active... And module specifications ( SPD ) ID information for the amd cpuid list information about NUMA domains and cache... The main result of the CPUID instruction is supported and managed by Boundless Network to. Cpu 's here: Human readable CPUID and Update Revision `` MPC8569 QE Microcode Rel_B6900155 '' 's:.