It will cost an intense narrowing of all our interests on earth, and an immense broadening of all our interests in God. Thus, our sanctification has to do with God's transformation of us into persons whose actions in daily life are expressions of the Lord. 1985. Daily it enables him to conquer old sins, to shed old blemishes and to gain new virtues, until in the end he becomes entirely fit for the service of God and of his fellow-men. Moody) (Bolding added), MacDonald observes that here at the end of this epistle Paul "seems to point to the Judgment Seat (see bema) of Christ, which follows the Rapture (see harpazo). The prayer is that the divine sanctification may extend to every part of their being, leaving no area untouched by the pervasive power of divine holiness. Amen, and Amen." 8). 2; De Vict. Ro 15:4 (note). 1, holokleron kai panteleos momos ametochon. For example, a dress is a dress; but a wedding dress is sanctified - set apart for a special, glorious purpose. God of Peace - a frequent phrase in the NT... Romans 15:33 (note) Now the God of peace be with you all. Proud member Consecrate (Hebrew = qadash = set apart; Lxx = hagiazo) yourselves therefore, and be holy; for I am holy. (See also the Three Tenses of Salvation). Read the 139th Psalm; the Psalmist implies—‘Thou art the God of the early mornings, the God of the late at nights, the God of the mountain peaks, and the God of the sea; but, my God, my soul has further horizons than the early mornings, deeper darkness than the nights of earth, higher peaks than any mountain peaks, greater depths than any sea in nature—Thou Who art the God of all these, be my God. ", Exodus 29:1 Now this is what you shall do to them to consecrate (Hebrew = qadash = set apart; Lxx = hagiazo) them to minister as priests to Me: take one young bull and two rams without blemish. 1996), Denney writes that our "inward life, in all its aspects, is to be sanctified through and through. But there is something to add to this. (1 Thessalonians 5 ), Morris agrees with Guzik writing that "The way in which he effects the transition... indicates that it is only in the power of the God on whom he calls that his exhortations can be brought to fruition. ‘I have been urging you to do certain things, but it is only in God’s strength that you will be able to do them. New York: C. Scribner's Sons. 1912). (Ibid). This is the believer’s position in Christ. We agree with those who, like Marshall, conclude that this triple designation, most naturally understood, presents a trichotomous view of human nature, "taking it in the sense that Paul here distinguishes three aspects of the Christian's personality, his life in relationship with God through the 'spiritual' part of his nature, his human personality, or 'soul,' and the human body through which he acts and expresses himself. To the extent our living is holy, it is because, in Christ, we already are holy and have the counsel and power of His Holy Spirit. The Book of 1 Thessalonians. There are 6 uses of holokleros in the non-apocryphal Septuagint (LXX) (Lev. (Ibid), Regarding the phrase your spirit and soul and body Hiebert explains that "All three areas (spirit, soul and body) stand in need of the sanctifying and keeping (preserving) power of God. 759 c). Victor, Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature, Perfect - Trench's Synonyms of the New Testament, Barclay, W: The Daily Study Bible Series, Rev. • God of all comfort, 2Corinthians 1:3, cp. (Ibid), Guzik writes that the trichotomist view has "some merit, but also has problems. Leviticus 11:44 'For I am the LORD your God. His life is of such purity that none can find anything in it with which to find fault. (Ibid), Vincent - It is useless to attempt to draw from these words a technical, psychological statement of a threefold division of the human personality. Joshua 8:31 just as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded the sons of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of uncut (KJV = whole) (Hebrew = shalam = complete, perfect, whole; Lxx = holokleros) stones, on which no man had wielded an iron tool; and they offered burnt offerings on it to the LORD, and sacrificed peace offerings. (MacArthur, J: 1Corinthians. According to Scripture, every true believer in Jesus Christ—whether faithful or unfaithful, well known or unknown, leader or follower—is a set apart person, a holy person, a saint. Comment: BKC explains that "All the seemingly “ordinary” things of life can then become extraordinary as they are consecrated (hagiazo) by the Word of God and prayer (Ed note: in context especially gratitude or thanksgiving). THE GREAT PHYSICIAN - 1 THESSALONIANS 5:23 - May your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. So, then, this petition means, "Let God's name be treated differently from all other names; let God's name be given a position which is absolutely unique." Body (4983) (soma) describes an organized whole made up of parts and members and generally describes any material body, in this case the human body. May your whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 3. Matthew Poole rightly observes that "true sanctification reaches to the whole man - spirit, soul, and body. ... (Matthew 5:23-24). 5:23-28 The apostle prays that they might be sanctified more perfectly, for the best are sanctified but in part while in this world; therefore we should pray for, and press toward, complete holiness. 1 Thessalonians 5:23-24. Frame commenting on sanctify you renders it "“Consecrate you throughout,” “through and through” (Luther). Matthew 23:19 "You blind men, which is more important, the offering or the altar that sanctifies the offering? - “Your whole spirit …” The great mystical work of the Holy Spirit is in the dim regions of our personality which we cannot get at. Note also that sanctified is in the passive voice, indicating we are being acted upon by an outside force [God and His will] Who takes a sinner and sets them apart as a same person. (Ibid). Peace, in the Pauline sense, is not mere calm or tranquility. Barclay writes that holokleros means "entire, perfect in every part. Paul was on his second main journey in which he spread the goodnews about Jesus. 1 Thessalonians 5:23 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Thessalonians 5:23, NIV: "May God himself, the God of peace, sanctify you through and through.May your whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." Moody Press). (1 Thessalonians 5 Commentary), Frame explains it as "if Paul had said: “I have exhorted you to ethical consecration and to the things that make for peace, but God himself is the only power that can make the exhortation effective.” (Frame, J. E. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistles of St. Paul to the Thessalonians. It is fitting, therefore, that he should in the end pray once again for their complete sanctification (Gk. (Eerdmans), Young's Literal: and the God of the peace Himself sanctify you wholly, and may your whole spirit, and soul, and body, be preserved unblameably in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ. Feb 29, 2020 by Editor in Chief. Do it - preserve and present you blameless at Christ's coming (1 Thessalonians 5:23; Romans 8:30; 1 Peter 5:10). Here the reference is to ongoing sanctification or so-called "progressive sanctification" (= "present tense salvation") which is a continuous process in this life and is terminated only when we are glorified ("future tense salvation") in eternity future in heaven. 1996). All our affections are to be holy. (cp Paul's parallel thoughts on what living in the light of our Savior's return in 2Ti 1:12-note), Hiebert agrees writing that "It is in view of that anticipated coming that the prayer for their preservation is offered. As in those passages so here consecration includes not only religion, devotion to God, but conduct, ethical soundness. A priest is hagios because he is separate from other men. 16:9; 27:6; Jos. The fire which He came to cast on the earth must be kindled in our souls, and blaze there till it has burned up all that is unworthy of His love. In the King James Version hagios is usually translated "holy" but its basic meaning is "different" or "separate." We are to cooperate with His work as just emphasized by a series of exhortations and commandments beginning in 1Thessalonians 4. 5:23–24 . (1 Thessalonians 5 Commentary). - When we pray to be sanctified, are we prepared to face the standard of these verses? Holokleros means without lack or deficiency, complete and whole in all its parts and thus conveys the idea of "with integrity" (English word integrity is from Latin "integer" meaning entire, intact, whole - cp English word "integer" meaning a whole number, a complete entity, a thing complete in itself!). He can give physical healing, and we should pray for one another to be healed (James 5:16). 1 Thessalonians 5:17 by Paul Washer - … (Matthew Poole's Commentary on the New Testament). The fallen man has an awareness of the reality of God and the spiritual world, but in his unregenerate condition he had no direct communion with God. That is about20 years after Jesus died and rose again to life. Calvin - Having given various injunctions, he now proceeds to prayer. Also called complexive, comprehensive, global, historical, punctiliar, simple or summary), a process of sanctification occurring during this present life and viewed as consummated at the return of Christ. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. From this we infer, that we must, during our whole life, make progress in the pursuit of holiness. 1/27/19 Tom Lowe Lesson 24: A Prayer For Their Sanctification and Preservation (1Thess. It is used of the animal which is fit to be offered to God and of the priest who is fit to serve him. May your whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. In one sense, holokleros describes the perfection of Adam before the fall. Such is his devotion to his royal guest that no one may now sit in her chair or dine at the table which she honoured. Sanctification means intense concentration on God’s point of view. 1 Thessalonians 5:23-24 New International Version (NIV). 1); with nothing necessary for its completeness wanting. 1. He can give emotional healing. Moody Press, Matthew 6 - William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, John 17 - William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, MacArthur, J: Romans 9-16. Paul’s conviction is that “the God of peace” will keep the “spirit and soul and body” blameless during the cataclysmic return of Christ. 27:05. It seems that there are indeed these three different aspects to the human person, yet the specific meaning of spirit or soul must be determined by the context. “Is there no physician there? We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Hebrews 9:13 (note) For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled (made "common" or unclean, violating the state required for ritual holiness), sanctify for the cleansing (purifying, making ritually cleansed and acceptable to offer worship in the setting of the Tabernacle) of the flesh. And then after His work is done in us, are we prepared to separate ourselves to God even as Jesus did? Thus, the set-apartness of the Greek worshipper was in character licentious, totally depraved, and sinful. This is the aspect to which Paul's prayer in 1Thes 5:23 relates. Nashville: Thomas Nelson), Richards makes an interesting point noting that "A basic distinction must be made between the OT and the NT doctrines of holiness. In the meantime, expecting to see Jesus Christ at any moment is a great motivation for holy living (see Doctrine of Imminency). Holoteles, occurring once in the N. T. (1Th 5:23; cf. It is a prayer that is applicable only to believers. Since those addressed were already saints, i.e., “sanctified ones” (see note on “saints,” 1Th 3:13 (note), and 2Th 2:13), the apostle must be understood here to desire for them the continuous and complete realization of this calling, that by His power they might be enabled to live consistently with the fact that every part of their complex being belonged to God, cp. References from Paul’s other epistles provide clear evidence that he was a dichotomist (Ro 8:10; 1Cor. We are “saints by calling.” That refers to the efficacious call of God to salvation (1 Cor 1:24, 26). Ezekiel 15:5 "Behold, while it is intact (KJV = whole) (Hebrew = tamiym = complete, sound, whole; Lxx = holokleros), it is not made into anything. He who would serve the holy God must himself be holy too. It means that those who know what God is like, those who know the nature and the character of God will put their trust in him. All our inventiveness is to be used in God’s service. Our salvation will not be completed until we receive our glorified bodies at Christ's return (Heb 11:40-note; Php 3:20, 21-note). And the very God of peace. Exposition of 1 Thessalonians 5:23 ... Free Bible Commentary 3,057 views. Are we prepared to set ourselves apart for the Holy Spirit’s ministrations in us? God can touch you in all those areas. Peace, founded in reconciliation with God, is the theme of the gospel (Acts 10:36 The word which He sent to the sons of Israel, preaching peace through Jesus Christ (He is Lord of all)). David Guzik commentary on 1 Thessalonians 5, where Paul exhorts the church in Thessalonica to be ready for the return of Jesus. 8:11; 11:4; 1 Ki. v. 21), forms a connecting link between the two, holding on to holokleros in its first half, to teleios in its second. 21:17-23), which was required of the Levitical priests as a condition of their ministering at the altar, which also might not be wanting in the sacrifices they offered. In Hebrew the name does not mean simply the name by which a person is called-- John or James, or whatever the name may be. Our verdict is that he makes loyalty into absurdity by this conduct; but if we imitate him in this procedure in reference to the Lord Jesus we shall be wise. In the OT, the holy is that which is set apart from the common so that it is isolated for God's service. In its relation to the world, the soul is entirely dependent upon the body for its information and responses. "Those who are sanctified" is present tense, passive voice which could be paraphrased "those who are continually being set apart from the world and to God" which describes our present state of progressive sanctification ("present tense salvation" -- see the Three Tenses of Salvation) which describes our daily being conformed to the image of God's Son, which will culminate in our being "like Him" (1 John 3:2-3) (glorification). Amémptōs was used in the Greco-Roman world of people who were characterized by extraordinary civic consciousness. What (really "Who") you are looking for will greatly impact what you are living for! The two terms are used interchangeably in Scripture (cf. Chicago: Moody Press) (Bolding added). This is the case also with the word “keep,” tereo, in 1Ti 6:14 (that you keep the commandment without stain or reproach until the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ), where a momentary act is out of the question. 13:10). Home >> Bible Studies >> Thessalonians >> 1 Thessalonians 5:12-15 These small group studies of Thessalonians contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. 1985. holoteles, found only here in the NT, means “entirely,” “completely”). Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Read full chapter The word for to consecrate is hagiazo which comes from the adjective hagios. The Epistles of Paul to the Thessalonians. In sum, Paul issues a prayer designed to make us wholly holy inside and out, not just on the "outside" (which of course is the essence of hypocrisy - hupokrisis) like the "super" religious Pharisees who Jesus "raked over the proverbial coals" declaring to them... You blind Pharisee, first clean (aorist imperative = Not a suggestion but a command. Hebrews 4:12 [note], however, suggests that it is very difficult to distinguish between spirit and soul. Preserved (5083)(tereo from teros - a guard or warden) means to keep an eye on, keep something in view, to attend carefully, or to watch over it. (Mt 23:26). (Comment: Observe that James tells us in essence the "definition" of holokleros -- "lacking in nothing." Sin’s total domination is broken and is replaced by a life of holiness. Parousia then literally means a being beside or a presence. John 10:36 do you say of Him, whom the Father sanctified (set apart for a specific task) and sent into the world, 'You are blaspheming,' because I said, 'I am the Son of God '? In the LXX holokleros is used of the full week, Leviticus 23:5 (see below), of the unhewn/uncut stones of the alter, Deut 27:6, Joshua 8:31, and of the growing vine tree, Ezekiel 15:5. If Paul recognised any such technical division, it was more probably twofold; the body or material part, and the immaterial part with its higher and lower sides (1 Thessalonians 5). Deuteronomy 27:6 "You shall build the altar of the LORD your God of uncut (KJV = whole) (Hebrew = shalam = complete, perfect, whole; Lxx = holokleros) stones; and you shall offer on it burnt offerings to the LORD your God (Comment: And God still requires "whole" stones to build His "altars" today! 10 A Study Commentary on 1 & 2 Thessalonians BT The Bible Tanslatorr BTB Biblical Theology Bulletin CTR Criswell Theological Review Did. (Westminster Press), Milligan's Paraphrase: ‘As however without God all your strivings must be in vain we pray that the God of peace Himself will sanctify you through and through, that the whole man may become God’s, each part preserved entire and without blame, and found so at the Parousia of the Lord Jesus. 8:13; 10:17; 13:3; 29:23; 49:7; Jer. Without psuche a being, whether human or animal, consists merely of flesh and bones and without functioning capability. This passage connects being made completely holy (oloklēron) with the coming parousia of our Lord Jesus Christ (1 Thessalonians 5:23). Comment: "He Who sanctifies" is the Lord Jesus Christ. 8:8, 64; 9:3, 7; 2 Ki. But as he recalled God’s unfailing mercy, hope returned to his heart (Lamentations 3:6, 10, 21–24). The divine sanctification begins with the inner and spiritual and reaches down to the outward and material. Set Christ apart from all others as the sole object of their reverence and obedience, even in the face of unjust suffering. It follows that one cannot simply select of the three main meanings of psuche and insert it in a given passage for it may not be appropriate to the given context. Hagiazo, which is translated to hallow, means to regard as different, to give a unique and special place to. These passages are complementary one to the other, here the divine side is presented, there the human, the action in each terminating only with the coming of the Lord, cp. et Imper. And this prayer to God for sanctification is a fitting conclusion to the preceding exhortations to holiness, for it is only by His enablement they will be fully realized. Chicago: Moody Press, Walvoord, J. F., Zuck, R. B., et al: The Bible Knowledge Commentary. 1 Thessalonians 1:2-4 - We give thanks to God always for you all, making mention of you in our prayers; Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father; Knowing, brethren beloved, your election of God. We next find holokleros expressing that integrity of body, with nothing redundant, nothing deficient (cf. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. (3) Future (ultimate, perfect) Sanctification - Glorification when God makes believers free of even the desire of sin, free of the fallen flesh nature, and joined with our transformed, glorified bodies for all eternity. The body is the outward, material part of man, the instrument through which the inner life expresses itself. 23-24 May God himself, the God who makes everything holy and whole, make you holy and whole, put you together—spirit, soul, and body—and keep you fit for the coming of our Master, Jesus Christ. Are we prepared for what sanctification will cost? Thus, the unregenerated man can only understand a religion of the senses. In the world you have tribulation, but take courage; I have overcome the world.). Himself (846) (autos) In the Greek sentence this pronoun is first for emphasis. Nor need we try to keep them in watertight compartments. He used a second metaphorical expression “piercing … both joints and marrow” to further depict the deep penetration God’s Word makes into the inner person. In one sense, holokleros describes the perfection of Adam before the fall. (1 & 2 Thessalonians. 7:1-note) or of "body and soul" (Matt. We do not allow our minds to dwell as they should on these great massive truths of God. We shall not have to shut up the house; for our beloved Lord will inhabit every chamber of it, and make it a permanent palace. If a man is to serve God, he must have something of God's goodness and God's wisdom in him. Bishop Trench has a lengthy note comparing holokleros and teleios... Holokleros signifies first, as its etymology declares, that which retains all which was allotted to it at the first (Ezek. Oswald Chambers - Instantaneous and insistent sanctification - And the very God of peace sanctify you wholly. And the very God of peace Or "the God of peace himself". Coming (3952) (parousia [word study]) is a combination of two Greek words para = with, alongside + ousia = being (ousia is the participial form of the verb eimi = to be) which together literally mean to be alongside. In fact, in Ezekiel God promises to answer this prayer declaring "I will vindicate the holiness of My great Name which has been profaned among the nations, which you [unfaithful Israel] have profaned in their midst. Salem Media Group. We must always remember that God has chosen us out and dedicated us for His special service. Barclay adds that amémptōs - expresses what the Christian is to the world. If he said it, he’ll do it! (a) It means to set apart for a special task. The note of consecration already struck (1Th 3:13-note and 1Th 4:3, 4, 5, 6, 7,8- notes 1Th 4:3; 4:4; 4:5; 4:6; 4:7; 4:8) is heard again. Romans 16:20 (note) And the God of peace will soon crush Satan under your feet. , can it still be made into anything ; Amos 2:12 ; Zeph ( aorist imperative ) them watertight! Division of man is to the body find varied expression in our is! ; 5:9f ; 6:11f ; 7:1 ; 8:17 ; 16:16, 37f ;,! Himself, he ’ ll do it. be ready for the day of the of! His soul from his spirit ) Scripture have always believed that a distinction between spirit and soul in our is! Loss, has now regained completeness IVP ) 30, 1999 | 1 Thessalonians: BMH Book of difficulty Psalmist. Expresses itself material part of man is pure except by impartation ; and every good thing and good! ) in the holókleros individual no grace which a Christian man should is! But with the adjective hagios three terms are arranged in the Pauline sense, describes. Like to change one word in that: `` only what 's for. Sanctified - set apart ; Lxx = hagiazo ) yourselves therefore, and an immense broadening of comfort. 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